List of countries by continent

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This is a list of the countries of the world by continent, according to the United Nations Statistics Division,[1] displayed with their respective national flags and capitals. This list contains:

  • Sovereign states (country names in bold), consisting of:
    • The member states of the United Nations (UN).
    • A UN-recognized non-member state: Vatican City.
    • States not recognized by the UN, but recognized by or maintaining de facto international relations with many UN members: the Republic of China and Kosovo.
  • Territories de facto not independent, but recognized by many UN members as entitled to sovereignty (country names in bold italics): the Palestinian territories and Western Sahara.
  • Dependent territories, including the overseas departments of France and the special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China (country names in italics).


Country Capital Country Capital
Flag of Algeria Algeria Algiers Flag of Angola Angola Luanda
Flag of Benin Benin Porto-Novo (seat of government at Cotonou) Flag of Botswana Botswana Gaborone
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Ouagadougou Flag of Burundi Burundi Bujumbura
Flag of Cameroon Cameroon Yaoundé Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde Praia
Flag of Central African Republic Central African Republic Bangui Flag of Chad Chad N'Djamena
Flag of Comoros Comoros Moroni Flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo, Democratic Republic of (also known as Congo-Kinshasa) Kinshasa
Flag of Republic of the Congo Congo, Republic of (also known as Congo-Brazzaville) Brazzaville Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire (also commonly known as Ivory Coast) Yamoussoukro (seat of government at Abidjan)
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti Flag of Egypt Egypt Cairo
Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Malabo Flag of Eritrea Eritrea Asmara
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia Addis Ababa Flag of Gabon Gabon Libreville
Flag of The Gambia Gambia Banjul Flag of Ghana Ghana Accra
Flag of Guinea Guinea Conakry Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Bissau
Flag of Kenya Kenya Nairobi Flag of Lesotho Lesotho Maseru
Flag of Liberia Liberia Monrovia Flag of Libya Libya Tripoli
Flag of Madagascar Madagascar Antananarivo Flag of Malawi Malawi Lilongwe
Flag of Mali Mali Bamako Flag of Mauritania Mauritania Nouakchott
Flag of Mauritius Mauritius Port Louis Flag of Mayotte Mayotte (overseas territory of France) Mamoudzou
Flag of Morocco Morocco Rabat Flag of Mozambique Mozambique Maputo
Flag of Namibia Namibia Windhoek Flag of Niger Niger Niamey
Flag of Nigeria Nigeria Abuja Flag of Réunion Réunion (overseas department of France) Saint-Denis
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda Kigali Flag of Saint Helena Saint Helena (overseas territory of the United Kingdom; including the territories of Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha) Jamestown
Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe Sao Tome and Principe São Tomé Flag of Senegal Senegal Dakar
Flag of Seychelles Seychelles Victoria Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Freetown
Flag of Somalia Somalia Mogadishu Flag of South Africa South Africa Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)
Flag of Sudan Sudan Khartoum Flag of Swaziland Swaziland Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Flag of Tanzania Tanzania Dodoma (seat of government at Dar es Salaam) Flag of Togo Togo Lomé
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia Tunis Flag of Uganda Uganda Kampala
Flag of Western Sahara Western Sahara El Aaiún (unofficial) Flag of Zambia Zambia Lusaka
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Harare



Country Capital Country Capital
Flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan Kabul Flag of Armenia Armenia[2] Yerevan
Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[2] Baku Flag of Bahrain Bahrain Manama
Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh Dhaka Flag of Bhutan Bhutan Thimphu
Flag of British Indian Ocean Territory British Indian Ocean Territory[3] (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Flag of Brunei Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan
Flag of Cambodia Cambodia Phnom Penh Flag of People's Republic of China China, People's Republic of Beijing
Flag of Republic of China China, Republic of (commonly known as Taiwan) Taipei Flag of Christmas Island Christmas Island[4] (overseas territory of Australia)
Flag of Cocos (Keeling) Islands Cocos (Keeling) Islands[4] (overseas territory of Australia) Flag of Cyprus Cyprus[2] Nicosia
Flag of Georgia (country) Georgia[2] Tbilisi Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong (special administrative region of the People's Republic of China)
Flag of India India New Delhi Flag of Indonesia Indonesia Jakarta
Flag of Iran Iran Tehran Flag of Iraq Iraq Baghdad
Flag of Israel Israel Jerusalem Flag of Japan Japan Tokyo
Flag of Jordan Jordan Amman Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Astana
Flag of North Korea Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (commonly known as North Korea) Pyongyang Flag of South Korea Korea, Republic of (commonly known as South Korea) Seoul
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait Kuwait City Flag of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan Bishkek
Flag of Laos Laos Vientiane Flag of Lebanon Lebanon Beirut
Flag of Macau Macau (special administrative region of the People's Republic of China) Flag of Malaysia Malaysia Kuala Lumpur (seat of government at Putrajaya)
Flag of Maldives Maldives Malé Flag of Mongolia Mongolia Ulaanbaatar
Flag of Myanmar Myanmar (also commonly known as Burma) Naypyidaw Flag of Nepal Nepal Kathmandu
Flag of Oman Oman Muscat Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Islamabad
Flag of Palestinian territories Palestinian territories (collectively the territories of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) Flag of Philippines Philippines Manila
Flag of Qatar Qatar Doha Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Riyadh
Flag of Singapore Singapore Singapore[5] Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte
Flag of Syria Syria Damascus Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan Dushanbe
Flag of Thailand Thailand Bangkok Flag of East Timor Timor-Leste (also commonly known as East Timor) Dili
Flag of Turkey Turkey[2] Ankara Flag of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Ashgabat
Flag of United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Flag of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Tashkent
Flag of Vietnam Vietnam Hanoi Flag of Yemen Yemen Sana'a


Country Capital Country Capital
Flag of Albania Albania Tirana Flag of Andorra Andorra Andorra la Vella
Flag of Austria Austria Vienna Flag of Belarus Belarus Minsk
Flag of Belgium Belgium Brussels Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria Sofia Flag of Croatia Croatia Zagreb
Flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic Prague Flag of Denmark Denmark Copenhagen
Flag of Estonia Estonia Tallinn Flag of Faroe Islands Faroe Islands (overseas territory of Denmark) Tórshavn
Flag of Finland Finland Helsinki Flag of France France Paris
Flag of Germany Germany Berlin Flag of Gibraltar Gibraltar (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Gibraltar[5]
Flag of Greece Greece Athens Flag of Guernsey Guernsey (British crown dependency) Saint Peter Port
Flag of Hungary Hungary Budapest Flag of Iceland Iceland Reykjavík
Flag of Republic of Ireland Ireland Dublin Flag of Isle of Man Isle of Man (British crown dependency) Douglas
Flag of Italy Italy Rome Flag of Jersey Jersey (British crown dependency) Saint Helier
Flag of Kosovo Kosovo Pristina Flag of Latvia Latvia Riga
Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Vaduz Flag of Lithuania Lithuania Vilnius
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg Luxembourg Flag of Republic of Macedonia Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Skopje
Flag of Malta Malta Valletta Flag of Moldova Moldova Chisinau
Flag of Monaco Monaco Monaco[5] Flag of Montenegro Montenegro Podgorica
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands Amsterdam (seat of government at The Hague) Flag of Norway Norway Oslo
Flag of Poland Poland Warsaw Flag of Portugal Portugal Lisbon
Flag of Romania Romania Bucharest Flag of Russia Russia[6] Moscow
Flag of San Marino San Marino San Marino Flag of Serbia Serbia Belgrade
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia Bratislava Flag of Slovenia Slovenia Ljubljana
Flag of Spain Spain Madrid Flag of Sweden Sweden Stockholm
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland Berne Flag of Ukraine Ukraine Kiev
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom London Flag of Vatican City Vatican City Vatican City[5]


North America

Country Capital Country Capital
Flag of Anguilla Anguilla (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) The Valley Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's
Flag of Aruba Aruba (overseas country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Oranjestad Flag of The Bahamas Bahamas Nassau
Flag of Barbados Barbados Bridgetown Flag of Belize Belize Belmopan
Flag of Bermuda Bermuda (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Hamilton Flag of British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Road Town
Flag of Canada Canada Ottawa Flag of Cayman Islands Cayman Islands (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) George Town
Flag of France Clipperton Island (overseas territory of France)
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica San José Flag of Cuba Cuba Havana
Flag of Dominica Dominica Roseau Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Santo Domingo
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador San Salvador Flag of Greenland Greenland (overseas territory of Denmark) Nuuk
Flag of Grenada Grenada Saint George's Flag of Guadeloupe Guadeloupe (overseas department of France) Basse-Terre
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala City Flag of Haiti Haiti Port-au-Prince
Flag of Honduras Honduras Tegucigalpa Flag of Jamaica Jamaica Kingston
Flag of Martinique Martinique (overseas department of France) Fort-de-France Flag of Mexico Mexico Mexico City
Flag of Montserrat Montserrat (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Plymouth (seat of government at Brades) Flag of United States Navassa Island (overseas territory of the United States)
Flag of Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles (overseas country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Willemstad Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua Managua
Flag of Panama Panama Panama City Flag of Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (overseas territory of the United States) San Juan
Flag of Saint Barthélemy Saint Barthélemy (overseas territory of France) Gustavia Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Castries Flag of Saint Martin (France) Saint Martin (overseas territory of France) Marigot
Flag of Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Pierre and Miquelon (overseas territory of France) Saint-Pierre Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Flag of Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Cockburn Town
Flag of United States United States Washington, D.C. Flag of United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands (overseas territory of the United States) Charlotte Amalie

South America

Country Capital Country Capital
Flag of Argentina Argentina Buenos Aires Flag of Bolivia Bolivia Sucre (seat of government at La Paz)
Flag of Brazil Brazil Brasília Flag of Chile Chile Santiago
Flag of Colombia Colombia Bogotá Flag of Ecuador Ecuador Quito
Flag of Falkland Islands Falkland Islands (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Stanley Flag of French Guiana French Guiana (overseas department of France) Cayenne
Flag of Guyana Guyana Georgetown Flag of Paraguay Paraguay Asunción
Flag of Peru Peru Lima Flag of Suriname Suriname Paramaribo
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay Montevideo Flag of Venezuela Venezuela Caracas


Oceania is a geopolitical region, rather than a continent, consisting of many countries in the Pacific Ocean, including those in the continent of Australia and the Pacific Islands.

Country Capital Country Capital
Flag of American Samoa American Samoa (overseas territory of the United States) Pago Pago (seat of government at Fagatogo) Flag of Australia Australia Canberra
Flag of United States Baker Island (overseas territory of the United States) Flag of Cook Islands Cook Islands (territory in free association with New Zealand) Avarua
Flag of Fiji Fiji Suva Flag of French Polynesia French Polynesia (overseas territory of France) Papeete
Flag of Guam Guam (overseas territory of the United States) Hagåtña Flag of United States Howland Island (overseas territory of the United States)
Flag of United States Jarvis Island (overseas territory of the United States) Flag of United States Johnston Atoll (overseas territory of the United States)
Flag of United States Kingman Reef (overseas territory of the United States) Flag of Kiribati Kiribati South Tarawa
Flag of Marshall Islands Marshall Islands Majuro Flag of Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia Palikir
Flag of United States Midway Atoll (overseas territory of the United States) Flag of Nauru Nauru no official capital (seat of government at Yaren)
Flag of New Caledonia New Caledonia (overseas territory of France) Nouméa Flag of New Zealand New Zealand Wellington
Flag of Niue Niue (territory in free association with New Zealand) Alofi Flag of Norfolk Island Norfolk Island (overseas territory of Australia) Kingston
Flag of Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands (overseas territory of the United States) Saipan Flag of Palau Palau Melekeok
Flag of United States Palmyra Atoll (overseas territory of the United States) Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Port Moresby
Flag of Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Adamstown Flag of Samoa Samoa Apia
Flag of Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Honiara Flag of Tokelau Tokelau (overseas territory of New Zealand) no official capital (each atoll has its own administrative centre)
Flag of Tonga Tonga Nukuʻalofa Flag of Tuvalu Tuvalu Funafuti
Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu Port Vila Flag of United States Wake Island (overseas territory of the United States)
Flag of Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna (overseas territory of France) Mata-Utu


Antarctica, including all territorial claims by sovereign states, is regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System, which defines it as all land and ice shelves south of 60°S. Several dependent territories include sub-Antarctic islands north of 60°S.

Territory Comment
Flag of Norway Bouvet Island overseas territory of Norway
Flag of French Southern and Antarctic Lands French Southern Territories overseas territory of France
Flag of Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands overseas territory of Australia
Flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands[7] overseas territory of the United Kingdom


  1. Geographic Regions United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Georgia, and Turkey are classified as Asian countries by the United Nations Statistics Division Geographic Regions Retrieved November 3, 2020. However, they are often considered European countries, since their territories are either partly in Europe or in the vicinity of Europe and they have close political and historical ties with Europe (for example, they are members of the Council of Europe).
  3. The British Indian Ocean Territory is sometimes considered an African territory, since it was historically part of Mauritius.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands are sometimes considered Oceanian territories, since they are dependent territories of Australia.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 This country is a city-state.
  6. Russia is generally considered a European country more than an Asian country, even though most of its territory is in Asia, since most of its population and also its capital are in Europe, and it has close political and historical ties with Europe. Among the federal districts of Russia, four are in Europe (Central, Southern, Northwestern and Volga), while three are in Asia (Far Eastern, Siberian and Urals).
  7. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is sometimes considered a South American territory, since it is administered from the Falkland Islands.

External links

All links retrieved October 29, 2022.


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