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New World Encyclopedia integrates facts with values. Written by certified experts.


Featured Article: Aaron Beck

Beck in 1942
Aaron Temkin Beck (July 18, 1921 – November 1, 2021) was an American psychiatrist, regarded as the father of cognitive therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). An effective treatment for a wide range of mental disorders, CBT has become increasingly popular with therapists and the public alike. With its commonsense and clear principles, self-help books based on CBT approaches have also come to dominate the market. Beck also developed self-report measures for depression and anxiety, notably the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), which became one of the most widely used instruments for measuring the severity of depression.

Popular Article: Red Skelton

Red Skelton in 1960
Richard Bernard “Red” Skelton (July 18, 1913 – September 17, 1997) was an American comedian who was best known as a top radio and television star from 1937 to 1971. Skelton's show business career began in his teens as a circus clown and from there he went on to vaudeville, Broadway, films, radio, TV, night clubs, and casinos, while also pursuing a career as a painter. In the early 1960s, Skelton was the first CBS television host to begin taping his weekly programs in color. His famous "Pledge Of Allegiance," in which he explained the meaning of each and every word on a program in 1969 has become a perennial favorite for public broadcast on major patriotic holidays.

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Mary, Queen of Scots became queen when she was six days old, and died by beheading, convicted of treason against England as part of a plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I (source: Mary I of Scotland)