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From New World Encyclopedia

New World Encyclopedia integrates facts with values. Written by certified experts.

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King addressing the press in 1964.
The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929–April 4, 1968) was America's foremost civil rights leader and is deemed by many as the greatest American leader of the twentieth century. His leadership was fundamental to ending legal segregation in the United States and empowering the African-American community. A moral leader foremost, he espoused nonviolent resistance as the means to bring about political change, emphasizing that spiritual principles guided by love can triumph over politics driven by hate and fear. He was a superb orator, best known for his "I Have a Dream" speech given at the March on Washington on August 28, 1963. King became the youngest person to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

Featured Article: Nuremberg Code

Courtroom during Doctors’ Trial
The Nuremberg Code is a landmark document that delineates a set of fundamental ethical standards for research with human subjects and arose as a result of the portion of the Nuremberg Trials dealing with the atrocities of Nazi human experimentation (the "Doctors' Trial"). The principles were released as part of the judges' decision in August 1947. The Nuremberg Code has played a pivotal role in the development of other ethical codes for researchers, including having key principles incorporated in the Declaration of Helsinki, the Belmont Report, and the United States' Common Rule.

Popular Article: Pawnee

Pawnee flag
The Pawnee are a Native American tribe that historically lived along the Platte, Loup and Republican Rivers in present-day Nebraska. They refer to themselves as "Chaticks-si-Chaticks," meaning "Men of men." They practiced a mixed agricultural and hunting lifestyle, with an elaborate mythology tied closely to their understanding of astronomy. The Pawnee cooperated with the United States army, serving as scouts and supporting them against other tribes in the plains. However, they were pressured into ceding their lands in Nebraska to the U.S. government and relocated to a reservation in Oklahoma.

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Jane Goodall discovered that chimpanzees use tools, an ability previously thought to be uniquely human. (source: Jane Goodall)