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From New World Encyclopedia


American Samoa

American Samoa is the location of early twentieth-century American anthropologist Margaret Mead's controversial study, "Coming of Age in Samoa."

Cockroach

Cockroaches display group decision-making when choosing food sources and hiding places

Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was amended prior to passage to explicitly include women's rights

Lake Superior

Lake Superior, the largest of the North American Great Lakes, is the largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area

Scientology

Before establishing the Church of Scientology, founder L. Ron Hubbard was a science fiction author

Freedom of religion

In 1948 the United Nations defined freedom of religion as a universal human right

Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer Prizes were established by the Hungarian-born American journalist, Joseph Pulitzer, a prominent newspaper publisher who was also responsible, along with William Randolph Hearst, for originating yellow journalism

Wovoka

Wovoka, also known as Jack Wilson, was a Paiute shaman who received a vision of peace and instructions on how to perform the Ghost Dance

Zhou Dynasty

The Mandate of Heaven, requiring rulers to rule justly, was introduced by the Zhou Dynasty of China

Distance education

Distance education has been around at least since Isaac Pitman taught shorthand in Great Britain via correspondence in the 1840s.

Benjamin Bloom

The American educational psychologist, Benjamin Bloom, carried out research that showed that a "decade of dedication" is more important than giftedness in achieving success in a given field of learning

Greenhouse gas

Without "greenhouse gases" the Earth would be so cold as to be uninhabitable

Magnetism

The phenomenon of magnetism was known in ancient times but it was not until the nineteenth century that the connection was made between magnetism and electricity

Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa was canonized as a saint by Pope Francis on September 4, 2016

Alfred L. Kroeber

Science fiction author Ursula K. Le Guin's father is anthropologist Alfred L. Kroeber who studied "Ishi," the last of the Yahi tribe

Donatist

The Donatists were the first Christian movement to oppose the union of church and state

Dravidian peoples

The origin of the Dravidian languages, spoken by over 200 million people located primarily in Southern India, has remained unclear and controversial

Patrick Henry

Patrick Henry is best known for his speech "Give me liberty, or give me death!" advocating American independence

Adultery

In some cultures, adultery was defined as a crime only when a wife had sexual relations with a man who was not her husband; a husband could be unfaithful to his wife without it being considered adultery.

Bankruptcy

In the Jewish law there was no provision for bankruptcy; instead, all unpaid debts were canceled every seven years

Myanmar

The largest country in mainland Southeast Asia is Myanmar (Burma)

Mourning

The color of deepest mourning among medieval European queens was white rather than black

Bali

The Balinese people are descendants of a prehistoric race who migrated through mainland Asia to the Indonesian archipelago

Barter

Barter differs from gift exchange in that in barter the reciprocal exchange is immediate and has agreed upon terms

Colossus of Rhodes

The Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, stood for only 56 years before falling during an earthquake

Penobscot

The town of Orono in Maine takes its name from the great Penobscot chief or sagamore, Joseph Orono

Dybbuk

Belief in dybbuks, souls of the dead that attach themselves to living persons on earth, became widespread in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries

Espionage

The use of espionage dates back well into ancient history.

Mercy Otis Warren

Mercy Otis Warren was known as the "Conscience of the American Revolution"

George Peter Murdock

Peter Murdock's research showed that the family of parents and children is a central social structure in all cultures

Achomawi

The Pit River is so named because of the pits the Achumawi dug to trap game that came to drink there.

Songhai Empire

At its height, in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the Songhai Empire was the largest empire in West Africa

Harry S. Truman

Truman's middle initial "S" honors his grandfathers, Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young

Alabama

Alabama is unofficially nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird, and is also known as the "Heart of Dixie"

Carl Nielsen

Carl Nielsen is widely recognized as Denmark's greatest composer

Contact lens

The first corrective contact lenses were made of blown glass

Black Hills

The name "Black Hills" is a translation of the Lakota "Pahá Sápa" - "hills that are black"

Ancient economic thought

Discussions of economics have existed since ancient times but it was not a separate discipline until the nineteenth century

Karst topography

Karst topography is characterized by subterranean limestone caverns, carved by groundwater

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler's anti-Semitism developed during his years as a struggling artist in Vienna, Austria

Egypt

Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world and the second-most populous on the African Continent

Dinosaur

Dinosaur means "terrible" or "fearsome" "lizard" or "reptile" and were so called by Richard Owen to express his awe at their size and majesty

Mary I of England

The execution of Protestants during the reign of Queen Mary Tudor earned her the nickname "Bloody Mary"

Proterozoic

One of the most important events of the Proterozoic was the build up of oxygen in Earth's atmosphere