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From New World Encyclopedia

Kyoto University

Kyoto University was founded to train scientists to support the rapid industrialization of Japan during the Meiji period

Samaritan Pentateuch

The Samaritan Pentateuch claims that only Mount Gerizim was authorized to be the sacred altar and temple, not Jerusalem

Osama bin Laden

Osama bin Laden initially denied involvement in the infamous September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States


Researchers tried to weigh the soul by weighing patients who were dying

Alvin Langdon Coburn

Coburn invented a kaleidoscope-like instrument with three mirrors clamped together, which when fitted over the lens of the camera would reflect and fracture the image. It would come to be called a "Vortoscope"

Erwin Rommel

Rommel's campaign in Africa earned him the nickname “The Desert Fox”


The island of Java has over 100 volcanoes, over 40 of which are active

Drawing and quartering

In Britain, the penalty of drawing and quartering was usually reserved for commoners, including knights. Noble traitors were merely beheaded


Rachel was the favorite wife of Jacob, younger sister of Leah his first wife, and mother of his favorite sons Joseph and Benjamin

Personality assessment

Greek philosopher Hippocrates recorded the first known personality model basing his four "types" on the amount of body fluids, or "humors," an individual possessed.

Sweat lodge

Many cultures have used sweat lodges for the purpose of purification, healing, and relaxation


Illusions are distortions of sensory perception, "mocking" the senses so that most people are deceived

Mount Rushmore

The original plan for the Mount Rushmore monument was for the figures of the presidents to be carved down to their waists

Loretta Lynn

Loretta Lynn's own life provided material for many of her best selling songs and her autobiography, "Coal Miner's Daughter," was a best seller and was made into an Oscar-winning film

Marshall Plan

The European Recovery Program was named the Marshall Plan for the U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall

Balfour Declaration

The Balfour Declaration was described as a 'scrap of paper' that changed history

Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University

Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University, founded in India, teaches that the world is approaching a time of great change which will lead to the Golden Age

Georges Perec

Georges Perec's detective novel La disparation was written entirely without using the letter "e"

Sergei Rachmaninoff

Sergei Rachmaninoff had piano roll recordings made of many of his performances


The word "thesaurus" comes from a Greek word meaning "treasury"

Chinese dragon

Unlike the Western dragon of Europe that is representative of evil, the many Eastern versions of the dragon are powerful spiritual symbols, representing seasonal cycles and supernatural forces.

Diego Velázquez

Paintings of Diego Velázquez, Spanish artist of the Baroque period, were recreated by several twentieth century painters, including Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali, in their own style


The Shawnee had their own version of the "Golden Rule"


The term "cyberspace" was coined by science fiction writer William Gibson

Etta James

Etta James bridged the gap between rhythm and blues and rock and roll music


Kintpuash, also known as Captain Jack, was convicted of war crimes and executed for his actions in the Modoc War


English language operettas by Gilbert and Sullivan were originally known as "comic operas" to distinguish them from French and German operettas


Violin makers are called "luthiers"


The form that we now recognize as the symphony took shape in the early eighteenth century

Jing Qi Shen

Jing (essence), Qi (breath energy) and Shen (a divine or human spirit) are known as the "Three Treasures" in Daoism


The phenomenon of magnetism was known in ancient times but it was not until the nineteenth century that the connection was made between magnetism and electricity

Buckingham Palace

The first British monarch to live in Buckingham Palace was Queen Victoria


Xiuzhen means “to practice and learn the way of the truth” and is the principal technique in the Taoist quest for immortality

Languages of India

The Constitution of India recognizes 23 official languages, spoken in different parts of the country

Vanderbilt University

Vanderbilt University is named for shipping and rail magnate "Commodore" Cornelius Vanderbilt

Electron microscope

The first electron microscope prototype was built in 1931 by German engineers Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake

Indigenous people survived the 2004 tsunami by heeding their island folklore and fleeing to the hills


The "golden age" of photojournalism was in the 1930s to 1950s

Jesse and Frank James

Jesse and Frank James rarely robbed passengers on the trains they held up


The Greek polymath Posidonius attempted to create a unified worldview, showing the interconnectedness of the world and how all forces have an effect on each other and on human life

Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Himmler was second only to Adolf Hitler in power in Nazi Germany and was the founder and commander of the Nazi concentration camps


In Chinese, China is called "Zhongguo," meaning "central state"


Passamaquoddy are known for their arts and crafts, such as jewelry, basketry, wood carving, and building birch bark canoes

Cape Breton Island

The residents of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia in Canada, can be grouped into five main cultures: Scottish, Mi'kmaq, Acadian, Irish, and English