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From New World Encyclopedia


Uncle Sam

Uncle Sam Wilson of Troy, New York, is recognized as the progenitor of America's National symbol of Uncle Sam

Albert Bierstadt

Although Albert Bierstadt's paintings were not fully recognized in his lifetime, he is now regarded as one of the greatest landscape artists in history.

Funeral

Funeral rites can be traced back to the early human societies

Battle of Normandy

Bad weather before D-Day gave the Allied troops the element of surprise

Huron

The Wyandot, an Iroquoian confederacy of four tribes, were called the Huron by French explorers

Rebecca Latimer Felton

The first woman to serve in the United States Senate was Rebecca Latimer Felton, aged 87, who served for one day

Bali

The Balinese people are descendants of a prehistoric race who migrated through mainland Asia to the Indonesian archipelago

Phineas T. Barnum

P.T. Barnum used entertainment not only as a money-making venture but also to explore social issues, challenging racism and prejudice

Phillis Wheatley

Phillis Wheatley was the first African American female writer to be published in the United States

North Carolina

At 6,684 feet, Mount Mitchell is the highest point in the U.S. East of the Mississippi River.

Romanticism

Romanticism, popular from the late eighteenth century through the nineteenth century, emphasized emotion and imagination in contrast to reason that was the focus of the Enlightenment

Solomon Asch

Solomon Asch's experiments uncovered the tendency to conform among many people, but they also revealed the existence of independence in the face of erroneous group opinion.

Rumah Gadang

Every aspect of a Rumah Gadang ("Big house") has a symbolic significance related to Minangkabau adat (customary belief and law)

Naturalization

The term naturalization originates in the concept of "natural born" citizens

Urie Bronfenbrenner

Developmental psychologist Urie Bronfenbrenner believed that children need sustained interaction with their parents and a supportive society in order to develop into successful adults

Alfred L. Kroeber

Science fiction author Ursula K. Le Guin's father is anthropologist Alfred L. Kroeber who studied "Ishi," the last of the Yahi tribe

Antoinette Brown Blackwell

Antoinette Brown Blackwell was the first woman to be ordained as a Christian minister in the United States

Lighthouse of Alexandria

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, was among the tallest man-made structures on Earth for many centuries

Magnetism

The phenomenon of magnetism was known in ancient times but it was not until the nineteenth century that the connection was made between magnetism and electricity

Cartoon

The original meaning of "cartoon" comes from the Italian "cartone," meaning "big paper," and referred to a drawing made on paper as a full size study for artwork

Marcus Daly

Marcus Daly was an Irish-born American businessman known as one of the three "Copper Kings" of Butte, Montana

Mehndi

"Mehndi" is the application of henna as a temporary form of skin decoration

Recidivism

Recidivism refers to a relapse into criminal behavior or substance abuse

Alcoholics Anonymous

Alcoholics Anonymous created the first 12-step program which is the model for similar addiction recovery groups

Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire, established by Genghis Khan in 1206, was the largest contiguous land empire in human history

Surah

There are two types of Surahs (chapters) in the Qur'an: Madinan surahs and Meccan surahs

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake

Indigenous people survived the 2004 tsunami by heeding their island folklore and fleeing to the hills

Aegis

The "aegis" is the shield of Zeus, often worn by Athena, and has an amulet of the Gorgon Medusa's head

Guru Nanak

Guru Nanak is the founder of the Sikh religion

Concentration camp

The term "concentration camp" was coined to signify the "concentration" of a large number of people in one place

Gandhinagar

Gandhinagar, the capital city of the Indian state of Gujarat, was named after Mahatma Gandhi who was himself a Gujarati

Ethel Merman

Tony Award winning star of musical theater Ethel Merman never took singing lessons

Water

Water covers about 71 percent of the Earth's surface

Victorian era

The Victorian era was a time of unprecedented population increase in England

Paleozoic

The supercontinent Pangaea is thought to have formed near the end of the Paleozoic era

Dystopia

Dystopia refers to a place too bad to be practicable, the opposite of utopia which is too good

Bushmen

The Bushmen have left over 20,000 individual rock paintings, all preserved in caves at more than 500 different sites.

Philosophy

Until the Renaissance, 'philosophy' and 'science' were considered the same discipline.

T. E. Lawrence

T. E. Lawrence became internationally famous as "Lawrence of Arabia" after his liaison role during the Arab Revolt of 1916-1918

Cole Porter

Unlike most successful Broadway composers, Cole Porter wrote both the lyrics and the music for his songs