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From New World Encyclopedia


Jimmy Doolittle

General Jimmy Doolittle was the first aviator to fly cross-country in under 24 hours (in 1922) and the first to fly blind, using only his plane's instruments.

Modern dance

Modern dance developed in the twentieth century as a rebellion not only against the constraints of classical ballet but as a way to express contemporary social concerns

Netherlands

The Netherlands is often called "Holland" although this is not accurate; North and South Holland in the western Netherlands are only two of the country's twelve provinces

Albania

The capital and largest city of Albania is Tirana

Robot

The history of robots goes back as far as ancient myths and legends

South Korea

Park Geun-hye, daughter of former president Park Chung-hee, was the first woman to be elected President in South Korea

United States Constitution

The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights

Francisco Goya

Spanish painter Francisco Goya is both the last of the Old Masters and the first of the modern artists

Mezuzah

The commandment to affix a mezuzah to the doorpost of the home is followed by observant Jews

Due process

The right to due process is enshrined in the U.S. Constitution and [[U.S. Bill of Rights

Charles Kingsley

Author Charles Kingsley was one of the first to praise Charles Darwin's book "On the Origin of Species," and seeking a reconciliation between science and Christian doctrine

Nineveh

Nineveh was the largest city in the world prior to its destruction in 612 B.C.E.

Picts

The Picts - "painted people" - were ancient inhabitants of Scotland who lived north of Hadrian's Wall

Petroglyph

Petroglyphs, or rock engravings, have been found dating back at least 10,000 years

Boudica

The name Boudica means Victoria in English

Phineas T. Barnum

P.T. Barnum used entertainment not only as a money-making venture but also to explore social issues, challenging racism and prejudice

Keio University

Keio University, one of the most prestigious universities in Japan, was founded as a school of Western studies

Holocaust

The Jews of Europe were the main victims of the Holocaust in what the Nazis called the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question"

Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa was canonized as a saint by Pope Francis on September 4, 2016

Cayuga

The Cayuga were one of the original five tribes that formed the Iroquois Confederacy

Axiology

Axiology is the philosophical study of value

Propaganda

The original meaning of the term "propaganda" was not negative, simply "that which ought to be spread"

Aegean Sea

Many of the island chains in the Aegean Sea are extensions of the mountains on the mainland

Greenhouse gas

Without "greenhouse gases" the Earth would be so cold as to be uninhabitable

Dinosaur

Dinosaur means "terrible" or "fearsome" "lizard" or "reptile" and were so called by Richard Owen to express his awe at their size and majesty

Adult education

Some of the first formalized adult education institutions were correspondence schools.

Albert Bierstadt

Although Albert Bierstadt's paintings were not fully recognized in his lifetime, he is now regarded as one of the greatest landscape artists in history.

Grand Ole Opry

In 1954 a teenage Elvis Presley made his first (and only) performance at the Grand Ole Opry

Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca in the Andes is the world's highest lake navigable to large vessels

Book of Jeremiah

The Book of Jeremiah is best known for its theme of the "New Covenant" that involves a personal relationship with God

Lewis and Clark Expedition

The Lewis and Clark expedition trekked 4,000 miles across America and only one man died, from appendicitis

Bedouin

Traditional Bedouin nomadic culture is noted for generous hospitality and protection of woman, as well as violent conflicts and tribal justice

Ashoka

Ashoka played a critical role in developing Buddhism into a world religion

Richard Dedekind

Dedekind came up with the notion of the "Dedekind cut" which is foundational in defining real numbers

Qin Shi Huang

Qin Shi Huang, first emperor of unified China, was buried with an army of thousands of life size terracotta soldiers to guard him in the afterlife

Inuit

Inuit is a term that encompasses the Indigenous peoples who live in the Arctic regions of Alaska, Greenland, and Canada, and Siberia although some prefer to be called by their own name, such as Kalaallit in Greenland and [[Inupiat]

United States

Early colonists believed that America had a special role in God's providence

Harry S. Truman

Truman's middle initial "S" honors his grandfathers, Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young

Open University

The Open University has more disabled students than any other UK or European university.

Rumah Gadang

Every aspect of a Rumah Gadang ("Big house") has a symbolic significance related to Minangkabau adat (customary belief and law)

Hades

In Greek mythology Hades has been used to refer both to the "underworld" or Hell and the deity that rules the dead

Edith Stein

Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross was born Edith Stein, a Jew, and died in the Auschwitz concentration camp

Edward Rutledge

Edward Rutledge was the youngest of all the signers of the Declaration of Independence

Iran-Iraq War

The First Persian Gulf War was between the armed forces of Iraq and Iran and lasted from September 1980 until August 1988