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From New World Encyclopedia


Atheism

"Positive" or "strong" atheism is the assertion that no deities exist while "negative" or "weak" atheism is simply the absence of belief in the existence of any deity

Colin Powell

Colin Powell began his military career in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps at City College of New York

Donatist

The Donatists were the first Christian movement to oppose the union of church and state

Goliath

Goliath, champion warrior of the Philistines, was reputed to be over nine feet tall yet he was defeated by the young Israelite boy David, who later became king

Surgery

The term "surgery" comes from the Greek "cheirourgia," meaning "hand work"

Feng-huang

Unlike the Phoenix of the Western World, the Feng-Huang is immortal without needing to go through a cycle of death and re-birth.

Jing Qi Shen

Jing (essence), Qi (breath energy) and Shen (a divine or human spirit) are known as the "Three Treasures" in Daoism

Morean War

The Morean War against the Ottoman Empire was the Republic of Venice's last expansionist campaign

Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan believed that Heaven had commissioned him to establish a world empire

Crucifixion

The goal of Roman crucifixion was not just death, but also dishonor

Battle of the Alamo

The deaths of such popular figures as Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie contributed to how the Battle of the Alamo has been regarded as an heroic and iconic moment in Texan and U.S. history

Hunnic Empire

Under Attila, the Hunnic Empire stretched from the steppes of Central Asia into modern Germany, and from the Danube River to the Baltic Sea

Kyoto University

Kyoto University was founded to train scientists to support the rapid industrialization of Japan during the Meiji period

Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia was a country in Central Europe that existed from October 28, 1918, when it declared independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until January 1, 1993, when it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia

Hermann Rorschach

Hermann Rorschach, inventor of the Rorschach inkblot personality test, was nicknamed "Klecks," meaning “inkblot,” because of his childhood interest in Klecksography, the making of fanciful inkblot pictures

Andre Malraux

André Malraux won the Goncourt Prize for French literature for his novel "La Condition humaine" ("Man's Fate")

Yakshagana

Yakshagana is a traditional dance drama popular in Karnataka, India; it combines dance, music, dialogue, elaborate costumes, make-up, and stage techniques

Powhatan

Chief Powhatan and his daughter Pocahontas were from the Pamunkey tribe, the first Native Americans that met the earliest permanent English colonists at [[Jamestown Settlement

Egypt

Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world and the second-most populous on the African Continent

Dario Fo

The 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Italian playwright Dario Fo

Vatican City

Vatican City is the smallest independent nation in the world

Omar Khayyam

Omar Khayyam is famous not only for his scientific work but also his poetry, having written one thousand four-line verses

Diego Velázquez

Paintings of Diego Velázquez, Spanish artist of the Baroque period, were recreated by several twentieth century painters, including Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali, in their own style

Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I, whose reign is called the Elizabethan era or the Golden Age, ruled England during a period of political and religious turmoil and set her nation's course to become the leading Protestant world power for the next three centuries

Wellesley College

Wellesley College was founded by Pauline and Henry Fowle Durant to give women an opportunity for higher education

Cheyenne

Cheyenne were involved in the Indian Wars: Southern Cheyenne were killed at the Sand Creek Massacre and Northern Cheyenne participated in the Battle of the Little Bighorn defeating George Armstrong Custer and his troops

Sea of Galilee

The Sea of Galilee, also known as Lake Kinneret, is Israel's largest freshwater lake

Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau

Mirabeau the Elder was known as the "friend of mankind" who believed that the wealth of a nation was its population

Catherine Parr

Catherine Parr was the sixth and last wife of King Henry VIII

Disaster relief

Organizations providing disaster relief to all those affected began in the nineteenth century

Muckraker

The term "muckraker" is attributed to Theodore Roosevelt who likened investigative journalism to the "Man with the Muck-rake" in John Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress"

Hobby

The term "hobby" came from "hobby-horse" which was a child's toy

Howard Carter (archaeologist)

William Flinders Petrie, from whom Howard Carter learned his archaeological skills, had little faith in Carter's ability to be a great archaeologist

Mesozoic

The Mesozoic began after the "Great Dying" - the largest mass extinction in history

Albania

The capital and largest city of Albania is Tirana

Buddha

A new Buddha will arise, Maitreya, who will usher in a new age of peace and kindness

Buster Keaton

Buster Keaton developed his famous deadpan expression that earned him the nickname "The Great Stone Face" when he was just a small child

Muhammad Ali

Cassius Clay changed his name to Muhammad Ali after joining the Nation of Islam

Ghetto

Historically, the term "ghetto" referred to restricted housing zones where Jews were required to live

Elgin Marbles

When he brought the Elgin Marbles to Britain Lord Elgin was accused of vandalism by his contemporaries