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From New World Encyclopedia


Kwakwaka'wakw

Kwakwaka'wakw have made great efforts to revive their traditional culture—their language, dances, masks, totem poles, and the previously outlawed potlatch

Darius I of Persia

Darius the Great of Persia decreed that the Jews could rebuild the Temple of Jerusalem after its destruction by the Babylonians

Jeep

The Jeep is the oldest Sports utility vehicle (SUV) brand

Trickster

The trickster, a figure who plays tricks or disobeys rules of behavior, is an archetype appearing in many cultures

Aegean Sea

Many of the island chains in the Aegean Sea are extensions of the mountains on the mainland

Disaster relief

Organizations providing disaster relief to all those affected began in the nineteenth century

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, died after being shot by Vice President Aaron Burr in a duel

Frederick II of Prussia

Frederick the Great was an eighteenth century king of Prussia also nicknamed "der alte Fritz" ("Old Fritz").

Holy Sepulchre

the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is considered the holiest Christian site in the world, built at the place of Jesus' crucifixion and burial

Aikido

Aikido can be understood as "the way of spiritual harmony" and a path to peace

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein is considered the greatest scientist of the twentieth century and was named "Person of the Century" by TIME magazine

Kiowa

Kiowa ledger art originated from captive Kiowa artists' use of the white man's record keeping books (ledgers) to preserve their history using traditional pictographic representations

Alvin Langdon Coburn

Coburn invented a kaleidoscope-like instrument with three mirrors clamped together, which when fitted over the lens of the camera would reflect and fracture the image. It would come to be called a "Vortoscope"

Nunavut

Nunavut is the newest, largest, and most northerly territory of Canada

United States

Early colonists believed that America had a special role in God's providence

Guerrilla warfare

The term guerrillla, from the Spanish "small war," was first used to describe the resistance in Spain against Napoleon

Plagiarism

Plagiarism is the passing off of another person's work as one's own

Eli Whitney

Eli Whitney is famous for patenting the invention of the cotton gin but he made no money from it

Mary I of England

The execution of Protestants during the reign of Queen Mary Tudor earned her the nickname "Bloody Mary"

Nineveh

Nineveh was the largest city in the world prior to its destruction in 612 B.C.E.

Sylvia Plath

Sylvia Plath was the first poet to win a Pulitzer Prize posthumously, for The Collected Poems published almost twenty years after her death by suicide

Cayuga

The Cayuga were one of the original five tribes that formed the Iroquois Confederacy

Cairo

Cairo is nicknamed "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture

David

David means "beloved" in Hebrew

Che Guevara

Socialist revolutionary Che Guevara was born in Argentina and received the nickname "Che" because of his frequent use of the Argentine word Che, meaning "pal" or "mate"

Raja yoga

"Raja Yoga" means "Royal Yoga" or the "King of the Yogas"

Vedic Period

The Vedic Period refers to the time when the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, were being composed

Dinosaur

Dinosaur means "terrible" or "fearsome" "lizard" or "reptile" and were so called by Richard Owen to express his awe at their size and majesty

Ansgar

Saint Ansgar is known as "Apostle to the North" for his efforts in bringing Christianity to Scandinavia

Mercy Otis Warren

Mercy Otis Warren was known as the "Conscience of the American Revolution"

Batik

Wax resist technique of dyeing fabric is an ancient art form, dating back more than one thousand years

Agricultural technology

The Industrial Revolution led to advances in agricultural technology that greatly increased food production allowing large numbers of people to pursue other types of work

Amos Alonzo Stagg

Amos Alonzo Stagg was an end on the first All-America team selected in 1889 and he was elected to both the charter class of the College Football Hall of Fame (1951) and the charter class of the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1959.

Tower of London

Legend says that if the six resident ravens ever leave the Tower of London, the Tower and the British kingdom will fall

Axial Age

Many of the great philosophers and religious leaders including Confucius, Buddha, Lao Tzu, and Zarathustra flourished at roughly the same time, a period called the Axial Age by Karl Jaspers

Francisco Goya

Spanish painter Francisco Goya is both the last of the Old Masters and the first of the modern artists

Lighthouse of Alexandria

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, was among the tallest man-made structures on Earth for many centuries

Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty functioned as a lighthouse from its dedication in 1886 until 1902

Tempo

Before the invention of the metronome, words were the only way to describe the tempo of a musical composition

Lüshi Chunqiu

Lüshi chunqiu, an encyclopedic Chinese classic text compiled around 239 B.C.E., was intended as a guide for the ruler who would eventually unify China

Ahimsa

Ahimsa (nonviolence is the most essential religious duty in Jainism

Dravidian peoples

The origin of the Dravidian languages, spoken by over 200 million people located primarily in Southern India, has remained unclear and controversial

Ogre

Some scientists have suggested that ogres may have been Neanderthals, an extinct species of hominids that inhabited Europe and parts of western Asia.

Mohawk

As original members of the Iroquois League, or Haudenosaunee, the Mohawk were known as the "Keepers of the Eastern Door" who guarded the Iroquois Confederation against invasion from that direction