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From New World Encyclopedia


Lake Huron

Named after the Huron people, Lake Huron was the first of the Great Lakes to be seen by Europeans

Rotifer

"Rotifer" is derived from Latin "wheel-bearer" due to the corona around the mouth that resembles a wheel

Battle of Vicksburg

The Confederate surrender at Vicksburg is sometimes considered the turning point of the American Civil War

Achilles

Achilles, the great warrior in Greek mythology, was educated by the centaur, Chiron

Propaganda

The original meaning of the term "propaganda" was not negative, simply "that which ought to be spread"

Cape Breton Island

The residents of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia in Canada, can be grouped into five main cultures: Scottish, Mi'kmaq, Acadian, Irish, and English

Jing Qi Shen

Jing (essence), Qi (breath energy) and Shen (a divine or human spirit) are known as the "Three Treasures" in Daoism

American Samoa

American Samoa is the location of early twentieth-century American anthropologist Margaret Mead's controversial study, "Coming of Age in Samoa."

Surgery

The term "surgery" comes from the Greek "cheirourgia," meaning "hand work"

Chinua Achebe

Chinua Achebe's "Things Fall Apart" is regarded as the archetypal modern African novel written in English

Ancient economic thought

Discussions of economics have existed since ancient times but it was not a separate discipline until the nineteenth century

Aachen Cathedral

Aachen Cathedral in Germany, built by Charlemagne and his burial site, is the oldest cathedral in Northern Europe

Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove

Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, third century Chinese Taoist scholars, inspired generations of poets and painters

Academic freedom

The importance of academic freedom became apparent during the Scientific Revolution in Europe.

Westminster Abbey

Since 1066, the coronations of English and British monarchs have been held in Westminster Abbey

Sari

The term "sari" is derived from a Sanskrit word meaning "strip of cloth"

Thomas Merton

The American Trappist monk Thomas Merton was a strong supporter of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s

Elgin Marbles

When he brought the Elgin Marbles to Britain Lord Elgin was accused of vandalism by his contemporaries

Blueprint

Blueprints were originally created using photosensitive blue coating on paper

African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968)

The Montgomery Bus Boycott, led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was a seminal event in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement

Victor Turner

Victor Turner coined the term "communitas," referring to an unstructured state in which all members of a community are equal allowing them to share a common experience, usually through a rite of passage

B.R. Ambedkar

B.R. Ambedkar was the chief architect of the Constitution of India

Xiuzhen

Xiuzhen means “to practice and learn the way of the truth” and is the principal technique in the Taoist quest for immortality

Abuja

Abuja is a purpose-built city, created as the new capital of independent Nigeria

Papua New Guinea

The motto of Papua New Guinea is "Unity in Diversity"

T. E. Lawrence

T. E. Lawrence became internationally famous as "Lawrence of Arabia" after his liaison role during the Arab Revolt of 1916-1918

Ghetto

Historically, the term "ghetto" referred to restricted housing zones where Jews were required to live

Nelson Rockefeller

Nelson Rockefeller served as governor of New York State from 1959 to 1973 and as the 41st vice president of the United States of America from 1974 to 1977

Asherah

Together, El (sometimes Yahweh) and Ashera were viewed as the father and mother of the gods

Toby Riddle

Toby Winema Riddle, one of few Native American women to be so honored, received a military pension by congressional act acknowledging her role as a key participant and mediator during peace and war

Hunnic Empire

Under Attila, the Hunnic Empire stretched from the steppes of Central Asia into modern Germany, and from the Danube River to the Baltic Sea

Aeolian harp

The aeolian harp is a stringed musical instrument that is "played" by the wind

Soul

Researchers tried to weigh the soul by weighing patients who were dying

Ljubljana

The symbol of the city of Ljubljana is the dragon, which is found in the coat of arms, on top of the tower of the Ljubljana Castle, and on the Dragon Bridge

Cairo

Cairo is nicknamed "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture

Felix Adler (professor)

Felix Adler founded the Society for Ethical Culture, a nontheistic religious movement

Adult education

Some of the first formalized adult education institutions were correspondence schools.

Sunshine policy

The "Sunshine Policy" of South Korea towards North Korea was named after Aesop's fable in which the man removed his coat voluntarily to enjoy the warmth of the sun

Batik

Wax resist technique of dyeing fabric is an ancient art form, dating back more than one thousand years

George Jones

George Jones and Tammy Wynette recorded many hit duets that made the couple the undisputed king and queen of country music