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From New World Encyclopedia


Cold War

Walter Lippmann was the first to bring the phrase "Cold War" into common use with the publication of his 1947 book of the same name

Yelena Bonner

Yelena Bonner continued her activism in support of human rights in Russia after the death of her husband Andrei Sakharov, and the break up of the Soviet Union, until her death in 2011

Almond

Almonds were found in Tutankhamun's tomb in Egypt

Virtue ethics

Virtue ethics started from Plato and Aristotle

Catherine Parr

Catherine Parr was the sixth and last wife of King Henry VIII

Religion

The term "religion" comes from the Latin word "religio," meaning "reverence for God or the gods, careful pondering of divine things"

Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini was Europe’s first fascist leader, and ruled Italy as a totalitarian state using the title "Il Duce" ("the leader")

Hadrian's Wall

The preservation of what remains of Hadrian's Wall can be credited to the town clerk of Newcastle upon Tyne, John Clayton, who bought land on which the Wall stood to prevent removal of its stones for reuse

Space exploration

The first human being in space was Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin in 1961 and the first person to set foot on the moon was American astronaut Neil Armstrong in 1969

World Cup

The host nation for the World Cup final tournament is automatically qualified to play in the tournament

Blackfoot

The Blackfoot Confederacy consisted of three tribes, the Siksika (Blackfoot), Kainai (Blood), and the Piegan

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

During Mohammad Reza Shah's reign, Iran celebrated 2,500 years of continuous monarchy since the founding of the Persian Empire by Cyrus the Great

Airport

The first aviation facility to be called an "airport" was Bader Field in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

Nagaland

In Nagaland, a small state in India, over 90 percent of the population are Christian, predominantly Baptist

Advertising

Covert advertising, or "product placement," is where a product is embedded in other entertainment media

John Locke

John Locke believed human beings start life "from scratch," with the mind at birth a "tabula rasa" or blank slate, which is then filled with knowledge through experience

Stanley Milgram

Stanley Milgram's experiments showed that people may act in inhumane ways when ordered to do so by an authority figure and when their peers also act in the same way

Alice Walker

Pulitzer Prize winning author Alice Walker was active in the Civil Rights Movement

Norman Bethune

In his lifetime Norman Bethune was virtually unknown in his homeland of Canada but received international recognition when Chairman Mao Zedong wrote about his work in China

Jeep

The Jeep is the oldest Sports utility vehicle (SUV) brand

Papua New Guinea

The motto of Papua New Guinea is "Unity in Diversity"

Incense

All of the major religions incorporate the burning of incense in their rites

Sergei Rachmaninoff

Sergei Rachmaninoff had piano roll recordings made of many of his performances

Immunity (legal)

In the United States both federal and state levels of government can claim, or waive, sovereign immunity.

Aardwolf

The aardwolf is a hyena-like African mammal, that eats insects especially termites

Ansgar

Saint Ansgar is known as "Apostle to the North" for his efforts in bringing Christianity to Scandinavia

Yellow River

The Yellow River is known as the "Mother River of China" and "the Cradle of Chinese Civilization"

Harry S. Truman

Truman's middle initial "S" honors his grandfathers, Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young

Gilgamesh, Epic of

One of the stories in the Gilgamesh epic directly parallels the story of Noah's Great Flood

W. H. Auden

Auden was one of the first prominent critics to praise J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings

Werewolf

The werewolf phenomenon can be traced all the way back to shape-shifting practices of shamans who transformed into animals including wolves

Janet Jagan

In 1997 Janet Jagan became the first woman President of Guyana

Erwin Rommel

Rommel's campaign in Africa earned him the nickname “The Desert Fox”

Tabernacle (Judaism)

The Hebrew word for "tabernacle" is "mishkan" which means "Place of [Divine] dwelling"

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his work to end racial segregation through nonviolent means; at the time he was the award's youngest recipient

Atlantis

There have been dozens—perhaps hundreds—of locations proposed for Atlantis

Willie Mays

Willie Mays is the only Major League player to have hit a home run in every inning from the first through the sixteenth. He finished his career with a record 22 extra-inning home runs.

Contact lens

The first corrective contact lenses were made of blown glass

Abortion

In 1920 under Vladimir Lenin the Soviet Union was the first to legalize all abortions, but this was reversed in 1936 by Joseph Stalin in order to increase population growth.

Kautilya

Chanakya is considered the same person as Kautilya, author of the Arthashastra for which he is known as the Indian Machiavelli

Vedic Period

The Vedic Period refers to the time when the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, were being composed

Veil of Veronica

The Veil of Veronica is said to have an imprint of the face of Jesus, imprinted on the cloth when Saint Veronica wiped the sweat of his face on the way to Calvary

Norse Mythology

The dualism that exists in Norse mythology is not an opposition of good versus evil, but order versus chaos

Open University

The Open University has more disabled students than any other UK or European university.