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From New World Encyclopedia


Omar Khayyam

Omar Khayyam is famous not only for his scientific work but also his poetry, having written one thousand four-line verses

Philosophy

Until the Renaissance, 'philosophy' and 'science' were considered the same discipline.

Freemasonry

In Freemasonry, the Supreme Being is referred to as the "Great Architect of the Universe," in keeping with the use of architectural symbolism

Lake Superior

Lake Superior, the largest of the North American Great Lakes, is the largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area

Propaganda

The original meaning of the term "propaganda" was not negative, simply "that which ought to be spread"

Ming Dynasty

The Great Wall of China was built primarily during the Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644)

Nunavut

Nunavut is the newest, largest, and most northerly territory of Canada

Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was the center of interactions between Asia and Europe for six centuries

Transylvania

In the seventeenth century, Transylvania was an autonomous state and passed through a "Golden age" for religions and culture

Grantland Rice

In 1922 Grantland Rice became the first play-by-play announcer carried live on radio for the World Series game.

Hijacking

The term hijacking arose in connection with the seizing of liquor trucks during Prohibition in the United States.

Napoleon Bonaparte

Contrary to popular belief, Napoleon was actually slightly taller than an average Frenchman of the nineteenth century

Benjamin Rush

Despite having been a slave owner himself, Benjamin Rush became an ardent abolitionist

Harmandir Sahib

Harmandir Sahib (the Golden Temple of Amritsar) literally means "House of God"

Mauna Loa

The Hawaiian name "Mauna Loa" means "Long Mountain"

Nigerian Civil War

The suffering in Biafra during the Nigerian Civil War led to the development of international humanitarian agencies designed to respond to complex emergencies anywhere in the world

Agricultural technology

The Industrial Revolution led to advances in agricultural technology that greatly increased food production allowing large numbers of people to pursue other types of work

Jomo Kenyatta

Uhuru Kenyatta, son of the first president of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta, was elected fourth president in 2013

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his work to end racial segregation through nonviolent means; at the time he was the award's youngest recipient

Trimurti

The Trimurti is the Hindu representation of God as Brahma (creator), Vishnu (preserver), and Shiva (destroyer)

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

The MBTI differs from standardized tests measuring traits that can be improved with practice, instead identifying preferred types.

Lee Falk

Lee Falk's comic strip character 'The Phantom' inspired the costumed image of what has today become known as the "superhero."

John F. Kennedy

John Fitzgerald Kennedy, often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963

Dario Fo

The 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Italian playwright Dario Fo

Weimar Republic

Historians invented the phrase "Weimar Republic" for the government of Germany from 1919 to 1933 officially called Deutsches Reich, usually translated as "The German Reich"

Bankruptcy

In the Jewish law there was no provision for bankruptcy; instead, all unpaid debts were canceled every seven years

Saint Andrew

It is said that Saint Andrew, refusing to be crucified on the same type of cross as Christ because he was not worthy, was martyred on an X-shaped cross.

Songhai Empire

At its height, in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the Songhai Empire was the largest empire in West Africa

Oratory

Cicero suggested that the best orator should be the best human being, understanding the correct way to live, acting upon it by being active in politics, and instructing others through speeches, through example, and through making good laws.

Electron microscope

The first electron microscope prototype was built in 1931 by German engineers Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll

Alabama

Alabama is unofficially nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird, and is also known as the "Heart of Dixie"

Edward VII of the United Kingdom

King Edward VII was known as the "uncle of Europe" as he was related to nearly every other European monarch

James Frazer

James Frazer's distinction between magic and religion has been widely adopted by anthropologists since his time

Arranged marriage

Arranged marriages have been employed to unite enemy nations and create a culture of peace

Phineas T. Barnum

P.T. Barnum used entertainment not only as a money-making venture but also to explore social issues, challenging racism and prejudice

Uncle Sam

Uncle Sam Wilson of Troy, New York, is recognized as the progenitor of America's National symbol of Uncle Sam

Islam in India

Islam constitutes the second-most practiced religion in India after Hinduism

Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud is commonly referred to as "the father of psychoanalysis"

Boudica

The name Boudica means Victoria in English

Golf

Modern golf is considered to be a Scottish invention