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From New World Encyclopedia


The earliest museums in ancient Greece were educational institutions where scholars gathered and the arts and learning were cultivated

Vaclav Havel

Václav Havel was the last president of Czechoslovakia and the first president of the Czech Republic


Tariffs may be classified into three groups: transit duties, export duties, and import duties.

Bob Hope

Bob Hope is recognized as "The Most Honored Entertainer" by The Guinness Book of World Records

Pan (mythology)

The pan flute is named from its association with the Greek god Pan


The earliest preserved description of elves comes from Norse mythology


The goal of Roman crucifixion was not just death, but also dishonor


Chemosh was the supreme Moabite deity who was believed to bring victory to his people when they honored him properly, but allowed their enemies to prevail when they fell into sin

Abnormal psychology

Many early societies attributed abnormal behavior to the influence of evil spirits.

Freedom of religion

In 1948 the United Nations defined freedom of religion as a universal human right

Hernán Cortés

It has been said that when Hernan Cortes reached Mexico the Aztecs thought he was their god Quetzalcoatl

Nobel Prize

Mahatma Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace Prize, though he was nominated for it five times

Francisco Pizarro

Francisco Pizarro founded the city of Lima, which he named la Ciudad de los Reyes (the City of Kings), to serve as the capital of Peru on January 18, 1535

Morean War

The Morean War against the Ottoman Empire was the Republic of Venice's last expansionist campaign


A large number of parents choose to homeschool their children to avoid the social and learning environments of schools

Medicine wheel

The term "medicine wheel" was first applied to the Big Horn medicine wheel in Wyoming


Polygyny, the marital practice in which a man has more than one wife simultaneously, is the most common form of polygamy

Elisha ben Abuyah

Elisha ben Abuyah was known as "Acher" ("outcast") and condemned as a heretic by his fellow Tannaim

Darius I of Persia

Darius the Great of Persia decreed that the Jews could rebuild the Temple of Jerusalem after its destruction by the Babylonians

Joshua Nkomo

Joshua Nkomo was declared a national hero in recognition of his leading role in the struggle to establish Zimbabwe's independence

Stanford University

Frederick Law Olmsted, the landscape architect who created New York’s Central Park, designed the physical plan for Stanford University


The "aegis" is the shield of Zeus, often worn by Athena, and has an amulet of the Gorgon Medusa's head

Rudolf Otto

Rudolf Otto coined the term "numinous" to describe the unique, qualitatively different content of the religious experience

Lewis and Clark Expedition

The Lewis and Clark expedition trekked 4,000 miles across America and only one man died, from appendicitis

Marine engineering

Marine Engineers are the members of a ship's crew that operate and maintain the propulsion and other systems on board the vessel

Cape Breton Island

The residents of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia in Canada, can be grouped into five main cultures: Scottish, Mi'kmaq, Acadian, Irish, and English


A coin was often placed in the mouth of a dead person as payment to Charon for passage across the river Styx to the world of the dead.


The Navajo word for hogan (hooghan) means "the place home"

Dario Fo

The 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Italian playwright Dario Fo

Toby Riddle

Toby Winema Riddle, one of few Native American women to be so honored, received a military pension by congressional act acknowledging her role as a key participant and mediator during peace and war


The term "Psychology" comes from Greek and means "study of the soul"


Chile is situated within the Pacific Ring of Fire and has many active volcanos and has suffered many severe earthquakes


Cybercrime refers to crime that involves a computer and a network either used in the commission of the crime or as the target

David Livingstone

David Livingstone, the first European to see it, renamed the Mosi-oa-Tunya waterfall the Victoria Falls in honor of Queen Victoria


The term "surgery" comes from the Greek "cheirourgia," meaning "hand work"

Abigail Adams

Abigail Adams, wife of second president John Adams, and mother of John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States, was the first First Lady to live in the White House

Mercy Otis Warren

Mercy Otis Warren was known as the "Conscience of the American Revolution"


The British Empire was known as "the empire on which the sun never sets"

Hadrian's Wall

The preservation of what remains of Hadrian's Wall can be credited to the town clerk of Newcastle upon Tyne, John Clayton, who bought land on which the Wall stood to prevent removal of its stones for reuse

Paul Revere

Paul Revere became a patriotic icon due to the poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, "Paul Revere's Ride," which described Revere's midnight ride from Boston to Lexington to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams of the movements of the Brit

Grantland Rice

In 1922 Grantland Rice became the first play-by-play announcer carried live on radio for the World Series game.

Alvin Langdon Coburn

Coburn invented a kaleidoscope-like instrument with three mirrors clamped together, which when fitted over the lens of the camera would reflect and fracture the image. It would come to be called a "Vortoscope"

Acadia National Park

Acadia National Park in Maine was the first National Park established east of the Mississippi River

Ewha Womans University

Ewha Womans University was founded by American Methodist missionary Mary Scranton as Ewha Girls School (Pear Blossom Academy)