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From New World Encyclopedia


Chichen Itza

The pyramid "El Castillo" at Chichen Itza was constructed so that on the equinoxes the rising and setting sun casts a shadow in the shape of a plumed serpent, representing the feathered-serpent god Kukulcan or Quetzalcoatl, that slides down th

Jiang Qing

Jiang Qing, better known as Madame Mao, studied literature and drama and was a successful actress prior to marrying Chairman Mao Zedong

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler's anti-Semitism developed during his years as a struggling artist in Vienna, Austria

Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Himmler was second only to Adolf Hitler in power in Nazi Germany and was the founder and commander of the Nazi concentration camps

Dead Sea

The name of the Dead Sea in Hebrew means "sea of salt."

Paiute

Northern Paiute shaman, Wovoka, received instructions on how to perform the Ghost Dance as a way to achieve peace

Austria-Hungary

The Austro-Hungarian Empire lasted 51 years from its creation in 1867 until it was dissolved in 1918 at the end of the First World War

Kendo

Japanese fencing, or Kendo, is rooted in the samurai tradition and Zen Buddhism

Richard Felton Outcault

Richard Felton Outcault created the cartoon characters "The Yellow Kid" and "Buster Brown"

Pyramids of Giza

The Great Pyramid at Giza is the last of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence

Violin

Violin makers are called "luthiers"

Methanol

Methanol is often called wood alcohol

Disaster relief

Organizations providing disaster relief to all those affected began in the nineteenth century

Gyeongju

Gyeongju was the capital of the ancient South Korean kingdom of Silla

T. E. Lawrence

T. E. Lawrence became internationally famous as "Lawrence of Arabia" after his liaison role during the Arab Revolt of 1916-1918

Hadrian's Wall

The preservation of what remains of Hadrian's Wall can be credited to the town clerk of Newcastle upon Tyne, John Clayton, who bought land on which the Wall stood to prevent removal of its stones for reuse

Nigeria

Nigeria has experienced very high population growth and is now the most populous country in Africa

Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley Civilization had an advanced urban culture, with streets laid out in a grid pattern, advanced architecture and impressive sewage and drainage systems

Joseph Pulitzer

Hungarian-born Joseph Pulitzer is known both for creating yellow journalism and the Pulitzer Prizes for excellence in journalism

Rudolf Steiner

The life work of Rudolf Steiner was his development of Anthroposophy, a philosophy based on the premise that the human intellect has the ability to contact the spiritual world

Flute

Some form of flute has been used in virtually every world culture and as far back in time as 40,000 years ago

Axial Age

Many of the great philosophers and religious leaders including Confucius, Buddha, Lao Tzu, and Zarathustra flourished at roughly the same time, a period called the Axial Age by Karl Jaspers

Barter

Barter differs from gift exchange in that in barter the reciprocal exchange is immediate and has agreed upon terms

Seoul National University

During the Korean War Seoul National University was temporarily relocated to Busan along with other universities in South Korea

Kaabah

"Ka'bah" comes from the Arabic word "muka'ab" meaning cube

Aachen Cathedral

Aachen Cathedral in Germany, built by Charlemagne and his burial site, is the oldest cathedral in Northern Europe

Saint George

Saint George was martyred for refusing to make a sacrifice to Pagan gods

Stephen Covey

Stephen Covey coined the idea of "abundance mentality," which allows everyone to be successful rather than winners vs losers

Yahweh

Yahweh is the primary Hebrew name of God in the Bible

Althea Gibson

Althea Gibson was the first African-American woman to play on the world tennis tour, winning eleven Grand Slam titles

Jose Marti

José Martí is often called the "Apostle of Cuban Independence"

Napoleon Bonaparte

Contrary to popular belief, Napoleon was actually slightly taller than an average Frenchman of the nineteenth century

W. H. Auden

Auden was one of the first prominent critics to praise J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings

Recidivism

Recidivism refers to a relapse into criminal behavior or substance abuse

Grand Banks

John Cabot's discovery of the abundance of fish in the Grand Banks in 1497 led to the development of fishing and fish processing, culminating in overfishing and a serious decline of fish stocks

Psychology

The term "Psychology" comes from Greek and means "study of the soul"

Bing Crosby

Bing Crosby's recording of Irving Berlin's "White Christmas" is the best-selling song of all time

Robert E. Lee

General Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865, is commonly viewed as signifying the end of the American Civil War

Geisha

Geisha are traditional Japanese female entertainers who act as hostesses, performing Japanese music, dance, tea ceremony, and poetry; they are not prostitutes and do not engage in paid sex with clients

Posidonius

The Greek polymath Posidonius attempted to create a unified worldview, showing the interconnectedness of the world and how all forces have an effect on each other and on human life

Terrorism

The term "terrorism" comes from the "Reign of Terror" in the French Revolution

Polygyny

Polygyny, the marital practice in which a man has more than one wife simultaneously, is the most common form of polygamy

John Locke

John Locke believed human beings start life "from scratch," with the mind at birth a "tabula rasa" or blank slate, which is then filled with knowledge through experience

Adult education

Some of the first formalized adult education institutions were correspondence schools.