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From New World Encyclopedia


Battle of Normandy

Bad weather before D-Day gave the Allied troops the element of surprise

Tsimshian

Tsimshian people of the Pacific Northwest lived on salmon, which were plentiful prior to commercial fishing, and used Western Redcedar for most of their needs

Affirmative action

Some policies adopted as affirmative action, such as quotas for race or gender in college admissions, have been criticized as a form of reverse discrimination

Ming Dynasty

The Great Wall of China was built primarily during the Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644)

Mourning

The color of deepest mourning among medieval European queens was white rather than black

Violin

Violin makers are called "luthiers"

David Livingstone

David Livingstone, the first European to see it, renamed the Mosi-oa-Tunya waterfall the Victoria Falls in honor of Queen Victoria

Ancient Pueblo Peoples

The ancestors of the Pueblo people built incredible cities, cliff dwellings, along the walls of canyons as well as enormous "great houses" and roads along the valleys

Powhatan

Chief Powhatan and his daughter Pocahontas were from the Pamunkey tribe, the first Native Americans that met the earliest permanent English colonists at [[Jamestown Settlement

United Nations

The United Nations was established after World War II for the purpose of securing world peace

Tempo

Before the invention of the metronome, words were the only way to describe the tempo of a musical composition

Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was the center of interactions between Asia and Europe for six centuries

Mount Rushmore

The original plan for the Mount Rushmore monument was for the figures of the presidents to be carved down to their waists

Recorder (music)

The recorder, originally popular in Medieval music, was revived in the twentieth century

Personality assessment

Greek philosopher Hippocrates recorded the first known personality model basing his four "types" on the amount of body fluids, or "humors," an individual possessed.

Eagles

The Eagles are the highest-selling American band in U.S. history

Trimurti

The Trimurti is the Hindu representation of God as Brahma (creator), Vishnu (preserver), and Shiva (destroyer)

Achomawi

The Pit River is so named because of the pits the Achumawi dug to trap game that came to drink there.

Centaur

The idea of centaurs may have arisen when non-riding cultures first saw nomads mounted on horses.

Defense mechanism

Defense mechanisms work by changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable forms, or by unconsciously blocking such impulses, and thus reducing anxiety.

Kwakwaka'wakw

Kwakwaka'wakw have made great efforts to revive their traditional culture—their language, dances, masks, totem poles, and the previously outlawed potlatch

Micronesia

Micronesia is one of three major cultural areas in the Pacific Ocean, the other two being Melanesia and Polynesia

Jesse and Frank James

Jesse and Frank James rarely robbed passengers on the trains they held up

Hernán Cortés

It has been said that when Hernan Cortes reached Mexico the Aztecs thought he was their god Quetzalcoatl

Qi

In Chinese thought Qi is believed to be the “life force” or “spiritual energy” that pervades the natural world

Enrico Fermi

Enrico Fermi and other members of his team died of cancer incurred by their work on developing the first nuclear reactor

U.S. Virgin Islands

The United States bought the U.S. Virgin Islands from Denmark in 1917

Edward Albee

Edward Albee's most famous play is "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf"

0 (number)

0 (zero) was the last numerical digit to come into use

Alvin Langdon Coburn

Coburn invented a kaleidoscope-like instrument with three mirrors clamped together, which when fitted over the lens of the camera would reflect and fracture the image. It would come to be called a "Vortoscope"

Kris

A type of dagger called a "Kris" is not just a physical weapon but is believed to have spiritual power

Lucien Levy-Bruhl

French anthropologist Lucien Lévy-Bruhl suggested that human beings use two kind of thinking: “mystical thinking” which was the essence of the "primitive mind" and rational thinking which is the hallmark of the "civilized mind"

Mary Baker Eddy

A central tenet of the Church of Christ, Scientist founded by Mary Baker Eddy is spiritual healing of disease

Archie Moore

Archie Moore's boxing style earned him the nickname "The Mongoose" and later in his career "The Old Mongoose"

Karst topography

Karst topography is characterized by subterranean limestone caverns, carved by groundwater

Baba Yaga

Baba Yaga's "cabin on chicken legs" may be based on real buildings.

Gyeongju

Gyeongju was the capital of the ancient South Korean kingdom of Silla

Graham Greene

Graham Greene's intense focus on moral issues, politics, and religion, mixed with suspense and adventure, became the trademark of his popular novels.

Soul

Researchers tried to weigh the soul by weighing patients who were dying

Hades

In Greek mythology Hades has been used to refer both to the "underworld" or Hell and the deity that rules the dead