Water is a common chemical substance that is essential for all known forms of life. About 71 percent of the Earth's surface is covered by water, mostly in oceans and other large water bodies. The presence of water on Earth depends on various factors, including the Earth's location in the Solar System.
From a Unification perspective, several points can be made:
- Water is a life-sustaining natural resource, providing humans and other creatures with the ability to live. Without it, the Earth would be a dead planet, like the other planets we are aware of. Thus, water is an example of God's many gifts to humanity and to other living creatures. These gifts, in turn, are the outward expression of God's heart of love for His creation.
- Earth is in the "habitable zone" of the Solar System, and its mass is appropriate for gravity to hold an atmosphere, in which water vapor (along with carbon dioxide) helps maintain a relatively steady surface temperature. Moreover, water moves continually through a cycle of evaporation or transpiration, precipitation, and runoff, usually reaching the sea. Some water is trapped for varying periods in ice caps, glaciers, aquifers, or in lakes, sometimes providing freshwater for life on land. In addition, water is a good solvent for a wide variety of substances. The combination of these and other factors testifies to the superior intelligence of our Creator.
- Humans use water for many purposes, including drinking, cooking, cleaning, heating, and cooling. We find it valuable for scientific experimentation and industrial processes as well as for agriculture. In addition, we use water for various sports and recreational activities. In various religions, water is considered a purifier in an internal, spiritual sense as well as in an external, physical sense. Also, the Jordan River, Ganges River, and other bodies of water are considered sacred by people of different religions.
- The scientific study of water provides us with a means of understanding the geological history of the Earth. This type of work requires superior mental faculties, which are connected to our spiritual dimension and reflect the higher intelligence of our Creator.
- Our efforts to study water and develop various practical applications spring from our inner desire to understand and exert dominion over the natural world. These efforts distinguish the human species from all others on our planet.
- Yet, water pollution, overconsumption, and uneven distribution have resulted in shortages of clean freshwater in many parts of the world. These shortages have in turn led to disputes between peoples of different nations. Thus we have a responsibility to care for this valuable natural resource and ensure that it is fairly distributed to all peoples of the world.
- By investigating the properties of water and finding ways in which it can serve the natural world and serve humanity, we work toward establishing harmony with the rest of the created world and stewardship of true love over it. In Unification terminology, we work toward fulfilling God's "Third Great Blessing" to humanity.
- By serving humanity and other parts of creation, water provides us with an internal guiding principle: to live for the sake of others. By so doing, we demonstrate God's nature in action, and we can create a world of harmony and peace, which is the desire of all people.