Afghanistan is an arid, impoverished nation, which has been the site of human inhabitation for over 50,000 years, is a mosaic of ethnic groups, and a crossroads between the Eastern and Western world. The many invaders and conquerors who have come and gone, include the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great, Muslim Arabs, Turkic peoples, the Mongol Empire, the British Empire, the Soviet Union, and the United States. The fact that a number of ancient empires began, flourished, and passed in this region is a sobering reminder to those living in the twenty-first century that all cultures go through periods of change. Moreover, history illustrates that all invasions of Afghanistan so far have ultimately failed.
Unificationism contends that "the history of the rise and fall of nations has been toward the goal of restoring the sovereignty of good" (Divine Principle, 99). God "establishes governments with higher standards of goodness which come to oppose and destroy regimes with lower standards of goodness. To fulfill the providence of restoration, therefore, conflicts and wars are unavoidable" (Ibid.). Since the center of that providence has been worked out through Judeo-Christian history, according to Unificationism, that could imply there is a providential purpose for the American-led war against the Al-Qaeda terrorist network that was based in Afghanistan.
In 2007, Afghanistan could not be fairly examined as a state or a nation because decades of war, limited security, and lack of international support have left a territory composed of disparate ethnic and religious groupings. The Divine Principle
details the path of restoration as proceeding on succeeding levels, from the individual level, to the family
, national, worldwide, and cosmic levels. The key challenge facing this Islamic
republic is to build a genuine, indigenous national unity that would transcend tribal loyalties. Based on that unity, economic development could proceed, lifting the per capital GDP out of its current rank of 162 on the list of 181 nations, and extending life expectancy beyond 46 years.