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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

There was no definitive culture for the Indigenous peoples of the Americas although cultural practices were shared within geographical zones among otherwise unrelated peoples


The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) began as a defense against [[Communism

Kyoto University

Kyoto University was founded to train scientists to support the rapid industrialization of Japan during the Meiji period

Drawing and quartering

In Britain, the penalty of drawing and quartering was usually reserved for commoners, including knights. Noble traitors were merely beheaded

Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini was Europe’s first fascist leader, and ruled Italy as a totalitarian state using the title "Il Duce" ("the leader")

Willie Mays

Willie Mays is the only Major League player to have hit a home run in every inning from the first through the sixteenth. He finished his career with a record 22 extra-inning home runs.

Henry David Thoreau

Thoreau's Civil Disobedience influenced later nonviolent reformers, particularly Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Mary Baker Eddy

A central tenet of the Church of Christ, Scientist founded by Mary Baker Eddy is spiritual healing of disease

Richard Felton Outcault

Richard Felton Outcault created the cartoon characters "The Yellow Kid" and "Buster Brown"


Traditionally the Maasai measured wealth in terms of cattle

Dravidian peoples

The origin of the Dravidian languages, spoken by over 200 million people located primarily in Southern India, has remained unclear and controversial

Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks was called "Mother of the Modern Day Civil Rights Movement" for her refusal to give up her seat in a bus to a white passenger

Enrico Fermi

Enrico Fermi and other members of his team died of cancer incurred by their work on developing the first nuclear reactor

Che Guevara

Socialist revolutionary Che Guevara was born in Argentina and received the nickname "Che" because of his frequent use of the Argentine word Che, meaning "pal" or "mate"

Concentration camp

The term "concentration camp" was coined to signify the "concentration" of a large number of people in one place


Wax resist technique of dyeing fabric is an ancient art form, dating back more than one thousand years

Akbar the Great

Akbar the Great, leader of the Moghul Empire, fostered pluralism and tolerance for all religions

Ivy League

The term "Ivy League" came from the ivy plants that cover many of these institutions' buildings


Patriarchy literally means "rule of fathers"

Namib Desert

The Namib Desert, stretching 1,000 miles along the Atlantic coast of Southern Africa, is believed to be the world's oldest desert having been arid for at least 55 million years


The capital and largest city of Albania is Tirana

Michael Argyle (psychologist)

Michael Argyle suggested the idea that social skills can be learned

Charles Kingsley

Author Charles Kingsley was one of the first to praise Charles Darwin's book "On the Origin of Species," and seeking a reconciliation between science and Christian doctrine

Robert E. Lee

General Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865, is commonly viewed as signifying the end of the American Civil War

Frank Lloyd Wright

The most famous buildings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright include the private home "Fallingwater" and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City

Pan (mythology)

The pan flute is named from its association with the Greek god Pan


The Abenaki largely relied on horticulture when it came to their diet, which is why villages often were located on or near river floodplains.

Daniel arap Moi

Daniel arap Moi is popularly known as "Nyayo," a Swahili word for "footsteps" which he used to describe his philosophy

Arranged marriage

Arranged marriages have been employed to unite enemy nations and create a culture of peace


After the Acts of Union 1707 created the Kingdom of Great Britain, Scotland retained a separate legal system, education system, church, and banknotes

John Calvin

Calvin's doctrine of predestination teaches that salvation is given only to those whom God has chosen, and that it is a free gift not contingent on anything they have done or will do

Battle of the Alamo

The deaths of such popular figures as Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie contributed to how the Battle of the Alamo has been regarded as an heroic and iconic moment in Texan and U.S. history


The earliest preserved description of elves comes from Norse mythology

African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968)

The Montgomery Bus Boycott, led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was a seminal event in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement

Westminster Abbey

Since 1066, the coronations of English and British monarchs have been held in Westminster Abbey


The British Empire was known as "the empire on which the sun never sets"

Immunity (legal)

In the United States both federal and state levels of government can claim, or waive, sovereign immunity.

Ralph Abernathy

Ralph Abernathy was the best friend, partner, and colleague of Martin Luther King, Jr. in the earliest days of the American Civil Rights Movement


One of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals is to achieve universal primary education, a level of schooling that includes basic literacy and numeracy

Northern Mariana Islands

The Northern Mariana Islands and Guam are the northernmost islands of Micronesia

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