Info:Did you know


Prisoner of war

To be entitled to prisoner of war status, the captured service member must have conducted operations according to the laws of war

Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan believed that Heaven had commissioned him to establish a world empire

Cayuga

The Cayuga were one of the original five tribes that formed the Iroquois Confederacy

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is known as the "Lost City of the Incas," having been abandoned a century after being built

Marcus Daly

Marcus Daly was an Irish-born American businessman known as one of the three "Copper Kings" of Butte, Montana

Lidice

The village of Lidice was destroyed and its people killed in retribution for the killing of one of Hitler's leaders

Joshua Nkomo

Joshua Nkomo was declared a national hero in recognition of his leading role in the struggle to establish Zimbabwe's independence

Nobel Prize

Mahatma Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace Prize, though he was nominated for it five times

B. B. King

B. B. King's favorite singer was Frank Sinatra

Inca Civilization

At its height the Inca Empire stretched from Colombia to Chile

Archibald MacLeish

Archibald MacLeish was awarded three Pulitzer Prizes, two for poetry and one for drama

Kyoto University

Kyoto University was founded to train scientists to support the rapid industrialization of Japan during the Meiji period

Christmas Island

Christmas Island was uninhabited until the late nineteenth century and so has many unique species of fauna and flora that evolved independently of human interference

George Peter Murdock

Peter Murdock's research showed that the family of parents and children is a central social structure in all cultures

Gilgamesh, Epic of

One of the stories in the Gilgamesh epic directly parallels the story of Noah's Great Flood

Francisco Goya

Spanish painter Francisco Goya is both the last of the Old Masters and the first of the modern artists

Jeremy Bentham

Jeremy Bentham, jurist, philosopher, legal and social reformer, and English gentleman, is regarded as the founder of modern Utilitarianism

Joseph Campbell

Joseph Campbell's philosophy is often summarized by his phrase "Follow your bliss"

Michael Faraday

Although Michael Faraday received little formal education he became one of the most influential scientists and one of the best experimentalists in the history of science

Alfred L. Kroeber

Science fiction author Ursula K. Le Guin's father is anthropologist Alfred L. Kroeber who studied "Ishi," the last of the Yahi tribe

Elie Wiesel

Elie Wiesel refused to write or talk about his experiences in the Holocaust for 10 years after his liberation

Prejudice

Prejudice is a prejudgment based on membership in a group

Tipi

For the Plains Indians, the tipi was more than just a home—it was a sacred space.

Charles Dickens

Most of Dickens' major novels were first written in installments in journals and later reprinted in book form

Stanley Milgram

Stanley Milgram's experiments showed that people may act in inhumane ways when ordered to do so by an authority figure and when their peers also act in the same way

Dybbuk

Belief in dybbuks, souls of the dead that attach themselves to living persons on earth, became widespread in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries

Edith Stein

Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross was born Edith Stein, a Jew, and died in the Auschwitz concentration camp

Iroquois

Five tribes formed the original Iroquois Confederacy, which had a constitution known as the Gayanashagowa (or "Great Law of Peace") memorized with the help of special beads called wampum

Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.

Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. outlived four of his children, who met tragic deaths while in the prime of their lives

Clarence Darrow

Clarence Darrow tried two important cases (the Scopes Trial and the Ossian Sweet case) after announcing retirement

Pierre Curie

Pierre Curie's work was not recognized in France until he received the Nobel Prize for his work on radiation, together with his wife Marie Curie and Henri Becquerel, at which point he was given a professorship at the Sorbonne

Contact lens

The first corrective contact lenses were made of blown glass

Myanmar

The largest country in mainland Southeast Asia is Myanmar (Burma)

Italian Fascism

The term "Fascism" derives from fasces, a bundle of rods used in the Roman Empire to symbolize strength through unity

Polygamy

Even within societies which allow polygamy, in actual practice it generally occurs only rarely.

Human sexuality

Human sexual activity is more than a physical activity, it impacts the minds and hearts as well as the bodies of the participants

Parachute

An early parachute design was called "Homo Volans" (Flying Man)

Yurt

Yurts have been a distinctive feature of life for nomads living on the steppes of Central Asia for at least three thousand years

Matriarchy

True matriarchal societies were, and are, extremely rare

Elf

The earliest preserved description of elves comes from Norse mythology