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Daniel Patrick Moynihan

Daniel Patrick Moynihan regarded the breakdown of the family, particularly the black family, as central to the problem of poverty

Antoinette Brown Blackwell

Antoinette Brown Blackwell was the first woman to be ordained as a Christian minister in the United States

Freemasonry

In Freemasonry, the Supreme Being is referred to as the "Great Architect of the Universe," in keeping with the use of architectural symbolism

Biome

The British Empire was known as "the empire on which the sun never sets"

Chichen Itza

The pyramid "El Castillo" at Chichen Itza was constructed so that on the equinoxes the rising and setting sun casts a shadow in the shape of a plumed serpent, representing the feathered-serpent god Kukulcan or Quetzalcoatl, that slides down th

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela served 27 years in prison for protesting Apartheid before becoming president of South Africa

Tempo

Before the invention of the metronome, words were the only way to describe the tempo of a musical composition

Chile

Chile is situated within the Pacific Ring of Fire and has many active volcanos and has suffered many severe earthquakes

Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh wrote over 600 letters to his brother Theo

Imhotep

Imhotep is considered the founder of Egyptian medicine

Pygmy

The Spanish term "Negrito" (little black) refers to pygmy populations in Asia

Bushmen

The Bushmen have left over 20,000 individual rock paintings, all preserved in caves at more than 500 different sites.

Colin Powell

Colin Powell began his military career in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps at City College of New York

Trimurti

The Trimurti is the Hindu representation of God as Brahma (creator), Vishnu (preserver), and Shiva (destroyer)

Mercury (element)

The chemical element mercury is the only metal that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure

Omar Khayyam

Omar Khayyam is famous not only for his scientific work but also his poetry, having written one thousand four-line verses

Eggplant

The eggplant or aubergine is widely used in Indian cuisine where it is called brinjal, and is considered the "King of Vegetables"

Sri Aurobindo

Sri Aurobindo synthesized Eastern and Western thought, teaching about spiritual evolution and the importance of the feminine

Cain and Abel

The story of Cain and Abel in Genesis tells of the first human murder when Cain killed his brother Abel

Hernán Cortés

It has been said that when Hernan Cortes reached Mexico the Aztecs thought he was their god Quetzalcoatl

Lee Falk

Lee Falk's comic strip character 'The Phantom' inspired the costumed image of what has today become known as the "superhero."

Immunity (legal)

In the United States both federal and state levels of government can claim, or waive, sovereign immunity.

Scotland

After the Acts of Union 1707 created the Kingdom of Great Britain, Scotland retained a separate legal system, education system, church, and banknotes

Marshall Plan

The European Recovery Program was named the Marshall Plan for the U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall

Sweat lodge

Many cultures have used sweat lodges for the purpose of purification, healing, and relaxation

Alice Walker

Pulitzer Prize winning author Alice Walker was active in the Civil Rights Movement

Oratory

Cicero suggested that the best orator should be the best human being, understanding the correct way to live, acting upon it by being active in politics, and instructing others through speeches, through example, and through making good laws.

Phoenician Civilization

The Phoenicians are credited with spreading the Phoenician alphabet throughout the Mediterranean world, so that it became one of the most widely used writing systems

Dolmen

"Dolmen," a type of megalithic tomb, means "stone table"

Barbershop music

Barbershop music is a four-part a cappella style of singing famous for its "ringing" chords in which an overtone is produced that sounds like a fifth note

Gerard Debreu

Gerard Debreu won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1983

Shinto

Shinto is commonly translated as "the Way of the Gods"

Polygyny

Polygyny, the marital practice in which a man has more than one wife simultaneously, is the most common form of polygamy

Yakshagana

Yakshagana is a traditional dance drama popular in Karnataka, India; it combines dance, music, dialogue, elaborate costumes, make-up, and stage techniques

Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks was called "Mother of the Modern Day Civil Rights Movement" for her refusal to give up her seat in a bus to a white passenger

Cold War

Walter Lippmann was the first to bring the phrase "Cold War" into common use with the publication of his 1947 book of the same name

Moai

Scientists have come up with several theories to explain how the Moai of Easter Island "walked" from the quarry to their stone platforms

White tea

White tea was formerly a luxury reserved for the emperor of China

Jainism

The understanding and implementation of ahimsa (non-violence) is more comprehensive in Jainism than in any other religion

Donald O. Hebb

Donald O. Hebb's work laid the foundation for neuropsychology as he sought to understand how neurons in the brain contributed to [[psychology

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