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Recidivism refers to a relapse into criminal behavior or substance abuse

Indus River

The Indus is the most important river in Pakistan providing essential water for its economy


Vaishnavism differs from other traditions of Hinduism by recognizing Vishnu as the supreme deity

Vanderbilt University

Vanderbilt University is named for shipping and rail magnate "Commodore" Cornelius Vanderbilt

Robert E. Lee

General Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865, is commonly viewed as signifying the end of the American Civil War

Medicine wheel

The term "medicine wheel" was first applied to the Big Horn medicine wheel in Wyoming

Flag of India

The Flag of India has at its center the Ashoka Chakra, taken from the Lion Capital of Asoka sculpture


The "Arthashastra" has been compared to Machiavelli's "The Prince" because of its brutal methods and unscrupulous ethics

Paul-Henri Spaak

Paul-Henri Spaak was nicknamed "Mr. Europe"


The understanding and implementation of ahimsa (non-violence) is more comprehensive in Jainism than in any other religion

Clarence Darrow

Clarence Darrow tried two important cases (the Scopes Trial and the Ossian Sweet case) after announcing retirement

Howard Carter (archaeologist)

William Flinders Petrie, from whom Howard Carter learned his archaeological skills, had little faith in Carter's ability to be a great archaeologist

Rock art

The many possible meanings of prehistoric rock art include records of hunts, religious practices, and astronomical calendars

Cape Breton Island

The residents of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia in Canada, can be grouped into five main cultures: Scottish, Mi'kmaq, Acadian, Irish, and English

Vedic Period

The Vedic Period refers to the time when the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, were being composed

Nobel Prize

Mahatma Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace Prize, though he was nominated for it five times

Edward VII of the United Kingdom

King Edward VII was known as the "uncle of Europe" as he was related to nearly every other European monarch

Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation

The Flathead Indians were so called because the tops of their heads were not distorted by head binding, not because they practiced head binding themselves


The Shawnee had their own version of the "Golden Rule"

American Samoa

American Samoa is the location of early twentieth-century American anthropologist Margaret Mead's controversial study, "Coming of Age in Samoa."


In Freemasonry, the Supreme Being is referred to as the "Great Architect of the Universe," in keeping with the use of architectural symbolism


The Hajj is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca made by Muslim devotees

Walter Scott

Sir Walter Scott organized the visit of King George IV to Edinburgh in 1822, the first visit to Scotland by a reigning British monarch since Charles I of England visited in 1633


Naphthalene is the primary ingredient in mothballs


Plain round halos typically have been used to signify saints and angels while square halos were sometimes used for the living

Henry David Thoreau

Thoreau's Civil Disobedience influenced later nonviolent reformers, particularly Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Sir Thomas Browne

The seventeenth century English author Sir Thomas Browne merged the new method of scientific inquiry with his Christian faith


Many Aleuts became Christian, joining the Russian Orthodox Church during the years when Russian fur traders settled in Alaska


Physical exercise is beneficial to both physical and mental health

Antoinette Brown Blackwell

Antoinette Brown Blackwell was the first woman to be ordained as a Christian minister in the United States

Kingdom of Mysore

The Kingdom of Mysore was an important center of art and culture in Southern India

Golden Horde

The Golden Horde was a Mongol state established in the thirteenth century after the break up of the Mongol Empire


The basilisk may be killed by gazing at its own reflection in a mirror.

Che Guevara

Socialist revolutionary Che Guevara was born in Argentina and received the nickname "Che" because of his frequent use of the Argentine word Che, meaning "pal" or "mate"

Neolithic Age

The term "Neolithic" was invented by John Lubbock in 1865 as a refinement of the three-age system of stone, bronze, and iron ages

Electron microscope

The first electron microscope prototype was built in 1931 by German engineers Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll

Prisoner of war

To be entitled to prisoner of war status, the captured service member must have conducted operations according to the laws of war

Abraham Joshua Heschel

Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel marched with Martin Luther King, Jr. in Selma, Alabama


Jogging is considered a means towards improved health and fitness

Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan believed that Heaven had commissioned him to establish a world empire