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Powhatan

Chief Powhatan and his daughter Pocahontas were from the Pamunkey tribe, the first Native Americans that met the earliest permanent English colonists at [[Jamestown Settlement

Robert E. Lee

General Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865, is commonly viewed as signifying the end of the American Civil War

Sunshine policy

The "Sunshine Policy" of South Korea towards North Korea was named after Aesop's fable in which the man removed his coat voluntarily to enjoy the warmth of the sun

Urbanization

Urbanization can be planned or organic.

Malawi

Malawi is known as the "Warm Heart of Africa."

Centaur

The most common theory of the origin of centaurs is that when non-riding cultures first saw nomads mounted on horses they thought they were half-horse, half-man creatures.

Pierre Curie

Pierre Curie's work was not recognized in France until he received the Nobel Prize for his work on radiation, together with his wife Marie Curie and Henri Becquerel, at which point he was given a professorship at the Sorbonne

Xiuzhen

Xiuzhen means “to practice and learn the way of the truth” and is the principal technique in the Taoist quest for immortality

Espionage

The use of espionage dates back well into ancient history.

Battle of Vicksburg

The Confederate surrender at Vicksburg is sometimes considered the turning point of the American Civil War

T. E. Lawrence

T. E. Lawrence became internationally famous as "Lawrence of Arabia" after his liaison role during the Arab Revolt of 1916-1918

Tlingit

Tlingit spirituality is expressed through art, especially in the form of detailed carvings on totem poles

Utopia

The term “Utopia” was coined by Thomas More as the name for the ideal state in his book, "Utopia," which described a fictional perfect society

Acts of Union 1707

Despite having a single monarch since the Union of the Crowns in 1603, Scotland and England had separate governments until the Acts of Union were finalized in 1707

Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud is commonly referred to as "the father of psychoanalysis"

White tea

White tea was formerly a luxury reserved for the emperor of China

Mary Kay Ash

Mary Kay Ash started Mary Kay Cosmetics after retiring from her job frustrated at being passed over for promotion due to being a woman

Arthashastra

The "Arthashastra" has been compared to Machiavelli's "The Prince" because of its brutal methods and unscrupulous ethics

Melanesia

Melanesia consists of 2,000 islands and 12 million people who practice a variety of subsistence economies

U.S. Virgin Islands

The United States bought the U.S. Virgin Islands from Denmark in 1917

Gerard Debreu

Gerard Debreu won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1983

Ghana Empire

The modern country of Ghana is named after the ancient Ghana Empire, although they do not share any common territory

Iran-Iraq War

The First Persian Gulf War was between the armed forces of Iraq and Iran and lasted from September 1980 until August 1988

Italian Fascism

The term "Fascism" derives from fasces, a bundle of rods used in the Roman Empire to symbolize strength through unity

Adolf Eichmann

Adolf Eichmann's defense for his crimes against humanity during the Holocaust - that he had abdicated his conscience in order to follow the "Führerprinzip" - inspired the Milgram experiment

Florence

Florence, well known for art and architecture, is considered the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance

Death

Death is the inevitable end of physical life and the majority of people make preparations for this process

Forgiveness

Most world religions include teachings on the nature of forgiveness

African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968)

The Montgomery Bus Boycott, led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was a seminal event in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement

Paiute

Northern Paiute shaman, Wovoka, received instructions on how to perform the Ghost Dance as a way to achieve peace

Nineveh

Nineveh was the largest city in the world prior to its destruction in 612 B.C.E.

Picts

The Picts - "painted people" - were ancient inhabitants of Scotland who lived north of Hadrian's Wall

Baba Yaga

Baba Yaga's "cabin on chicken legs" may be based on real buildings.

Buster Keaton

Buster Keaton developed his famous deadpan expression that earned him the nickname "The Great Stone Face" when he was just a small child

Abenaki

The Abenaki largely relied on horticulture when it came to their diet, which is why villages often were located on or near river floodplains.

Traditional Chinese medicine

Traditional Chinese medicine is a broad range of medicine practices developed in China, including various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (Tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy

Scotland

After the Acts of Union 1707 created the Kingdom of Great Britain, Scotland retained a separate legal system, education system, church, and banknotes

Aachen Cathedral

Aachen Cathedral in Germany, built by Charlemagne and his burial site, is the oldest cathedral in Northern Europe

Mount Everest

The precise height of Mount Everest is unknown, with measurements ranging from 29,000 to 29,035 feet

Jujutsu

Jujutsu means "gentle art" and is rooted in the ancient cultural traditions of Japan