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Inca Civilization

At its height the Inca Empire stretched from Colombia to Chile


Chile is situated within the Pacific Ring of Fire and has many active volcanos and has suffered many severe earthquakes

Rebecca Latimer Felton

The first woman to serve in the United States Senate was Rebecca Latimer Felton, aged 87, who served for one day

Appalachian Mountains

The birth of the Appalachian Mountains predates the formation of the American continent


One of the earliest hominids, dated to over one million years old, was found in Eritrea

Reserve Officers' Training Corps

ROTC in the United States began in 1916 with the passage of the National Defense Act that was intended to increase "preparedness" prior to the American entry into World War I.


The Shawnee had their own version of the "Golden Rule"


Gyeongju was the capital of the ancient South Korean kingdom of Silla

John F. Kennedy

John Fitzgerald Kennedy, often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963


In Norse Mythology "Hel" refers both to the cold realm inhabited by the dead who died not in battle and the cold deity who rules it


"Positive" or "strong" atheism is the assertion that no deities exist while "negative" or "weak" atheism is simply the absence of belief in the existence of any deity

Daniel arap Moi

Daniel arap Moi is popularly known as "Nyayo," a Swahili word for "footsteps" which he used to describe his philosophy

Battle of Kursk

The Battle of Kursk, in which the Soviet Red Army defeated Hitler's German troops, was a turning point in World War II, giving the Soviets the strategic initiative on the Eastern Front

Kalahari Desert

The Kalahari is the ancestral land of the Bushmen or San peoples

Colin Cherry

Colin Cherry was the first to study the "cocktail party effect" which is the human ability to follow a single conversation in the midst of other conversations and background noises

Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton, generally regarded as one of the most accomplished and influential scientists in history, wrote more on religion than on science

Neolithic Age

The term "Neolithic" was invented by John Lubbock in 1865 as a refinement of the three-age system of stone, bronze, and iron ages

Akkadian Empire

The Akkadian Empire has been described as the first true empire in world history

James Frazer

James Frazer's distinction between magic and religion has been widely adopted by anthropologists since his time


Novatian opposed Pope Cornelius for accepting lapsed Christians, and established himself as antipope


A nation-state is a political entity (sovereign state) that governs a cultural entity (nation) by successfully serving all its citizens


Yurts have been a distinctive feature of life for nomads living on the steppes of Central Asia for at least three thousand years

Ralph Abernathy

Ralph Abernathy was the best friend, partner, and colleague of Martin Luther King, Jr. in the earliest days of the American Civil Rights Movement


Potawatomi were forced to walk a "Trail of Death" from their homelands in Indiana to an Indian Reservation in Kansas

Prisoner of war

To be entitled to prisoner of war status, the captured service member must have conducted operations according to the laws of war

Italian Fascism

The term "Fascism" derives from fasces, a bundle of rods used in the Roman Empire to symbolize strength through unity

French Revolution

The French Republican Calendar, created and implemented during the French Revolution, declared 1792 as "Year I" and had a ten-day week

James Watt

James Watt's improvements to the Newcomen steam engine provided much of the impetus for the Industrial Revolution


In the Jewish law there was no provision for bankruptcy; instead, all unpaid debts were canceled every seven years


Illusions are distortions of sensory perception, "mocking" the senses so that most people are deceived

Margaret Thatcher

A Soviet newspaper gave Margaret Thatcher the nickname "Iron Lady," which she enjoyed as it reflected her uncompromising politics and steadfast leadership


Whales are the largest mammals, the largest vertebrates, and the largest known animals in the world.

Sir Thomas Browne

The seventeenth century English author Sir Thomas Browne merged the new method of scientific inquiry with his Christian faith

Veil of Veronica

The Veil of Veronica is said to have an imprint of the face of Jesus, imprinted on the cloth when Saint Veronica wiped the sweat of his face on the way to Calvary

Osama bin Laden

Osama bin Laden initially denied involvement in the infamous September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States

Rudolf Steiner

The life work of Rudolf Steiner was his development of Anthroposophy, a philosophy based on the premise that the human intellect has the ability to contact the spiritual world

Toby Riddle

Toby Winema Riddle, one of few Native American women to be so honored, received a military pension by congressional act acknowledging her role as a key participant and mediator during peace and war


Tlingit spirituality is expressed through art, especially in the form of detailed carvings on totem poles

Lee Falk

Lee Falk's comic strip character 'The Phantom' inspired the costumed image of what has today become known as the "superhero."


Until the Renaissance, 'philosophy' and 'science' were considered the same discipline.

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