William Beveridge's work served as the foundation for the welfare state in Great Britain following World War II. An economist, and influenced by socialism, his view of an ideal society was one in which all members of the society, young and old, able-bodied and in ill-health, contributing productively or retired, should have their basic physical needs taken care of. Thus, he formulated a system whereby financial contributions during each person's working life were used to support government programs to care for all citizens. Greatly more far-reaching than simply a retirement plan, Beveridge's proposal covered health costs, unemployment benefits, child support, and care of orphans and others unable to provide for themselves.
Put into practice after the Second World War, his work established Britain as a model welfare state. Successful for a time, Beveridge's work contributed to the preparation of an ideal society which should have been established in the twentieth century, at the time of the Second Coming of Christ. Britain, as a leading Christian power in the world at the time, had the responsibility to prepare to receive the Messiah and establish God's kingdom. When the providence was prolonged and extended into the twenty-first century, however, Britain's role declined and Beveridge's formulation could no longer function effectively in the changing socio-economic and political environment.
Missing in Beveridge's plan, though, was care of the internal, or spiritual, needs of the people. His plan cared for citizens as physical beings, but human beings need more than that. A true ideal society is one in which not only the physical body is taken care of, but one in which the mind and spirit of each person in society is lovingly cared for by those in the position of parents.