The Munich massacre occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage and eventually murdered by Black September, a militant group with ties to Yasser Arafat’s Fatah organization.
By the end of the ordeal, the terrorist group had killed eleven Israeli athletes and coaches and one German police officer. Five of the eight members of Black September were killed by police officers during an abortive rescue attempt. The three surviving terrorists were captured, and were later released by West Germany following the hijacking by Black September of a Lufthansa airliner.
Coming 36 years after Hitler's propaganda Games of 1936, the murders cast a pall not only on the sporting event, but on the continuing problem of Middle East violence and the cycle of retribution. Israel responded to the massacre with Operation Spring of Youth and Operation Wrath of God, a series of Israeli air strikes and assassinations of those suspected of planning the killings.
The massacre ultimately failed to achieve any of the objectives of the Palestinians. Violence begets violence and terrorism must be rejected as a means to political objectives because it is based on vengeance and retribution. In the coming kingdom, political actions must be based upon love.