Talk:Henri Matisse

From New World Encyclopedia
Unification Aspects: Henri Matisse was a French artist, noted for his use of color and his fluid, brilliant and original draftsmanship. As a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but principally as a painter, Matisse is one of the best-known artists of the twentieth century. He became known as a leader of the Fauves (wild beasts), a group of artists which also included Derain, Georges Braque, Raoul Dufy and Maurice Vlaminck. The decline of the Fauvist movement after 1906 did nothing to affect the rise of Matisse; many of his finest works were created between 1906 and 1917 when he was an active part of the great gathering of artistic talent in Montparnasse. He was a friend as well as rival of his younger contemporary Picasso, to whom he is often compared. A key difference between them is that Matisse drew and painted from nature, while Picasso was much more inclined to work from imagination. The subjects painted most frequently by both artists were women and still lifes, with Matisse more likely to place his figures in fully realized interiors. Modern art broke with the representational tradition, reflecting the unsettled period in which it was created. Modernism represented the break with traditional culture and traditional values, both artistically as well as spiritually and morally. At the end of his life, Matisse, who had been baptized a Catholic but had not practiced his religion for many years, attempted a kind of reconciliation. He designed the Chapelle du Saint-Marie du Rosaire (Chapel of Our Lady of the Rosary), often referred to as the Matisse Chapel or the Vence Chapel as a kind of spiritual challenge. This reconciliation is emblematic of the kind of unification of the progressive tendencies of modernism with the core values of traditional culture that is required to create a unified world.
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