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Paul-Henri Charles Spaak (January 25, 1899 - July 31, 1972) was a Belgian Socialist politician and statesman. He became a member of parliament in 1932 and a member of the cabinet in 1935. He served three times as Foreign Minister (1938-1939, 1939-1949 and 1954-1958) interspersed with three terms as Prime Minister, 1938-1939, in March 1946 and from 1947-1949. Internationally, he served as the first President of the United Nations General Assembly, President of the Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly (1949-1951), President of the European Coal and Steel Community (1961), Secretary-General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1957) and was instrumental in making Brussels the Alliance's headquarters.
Together with Robert Schuman, Jean Monnet, Alcide De Gasperi, and Konrad Adenauer Spaak is widely acknowledged as one of the main architects of the new European space after World War II.
The Mughal Empire at its greatest territorial extent ruled parts of Afghanistan, Balochistan, and most of the Indian Subcontinent between 1526 and 1857. The empire was founded in 1526 by the Mongol leader Babur, a descendant of Chingis Khan. He defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Afghan Lodi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat, using gunpowder for the first time in India. The Mughal Empire is known as a “gunpowder empire.” The religion of Mughals was Islam.
Historical map of the Mughal Empire
Under Akbar the Great, the empire grew considerably, and continued to expand until the end of Aurangzeb's rule. Jahangir, the son of Akbar, ruled the empire between 1605 and 1627. Shah Jahan, Jehangir's son, commissioned the building that represents the pinnacle of Mughal architectural achievement, the Taj Mahal. Sponsors of art and of learning, the Mughals left a rich heritage of buildings, paintings and literature. Their beautiful gardens (jahanara) representing a taste of heaven on earth, and the sanctity of nature which in the Qur'an praises God, remain an impressive part of their heritage.