New World Encyclopedia integrates facts with values.
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The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929–April 4, 1968) was America's foremost civil rights leader and is deemed by many as the greatest American leader of the twentieth century. His leadership was fundamental to ending legal segregation in the United States and empowering the African-American community. A moral leader foremost, he espoused non-violent resistance as the means to bring about political change, emphasizing that spiritual principles guided by love can triumph over politics driven by hate and fear. He was a superb orator, best known for his "I Have a Dream" speech given at the March on Washington on August 28, 1963. King became the youngest person to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King addressing the press in 1964.
At age 39, he was killed by an assassin's bullet in 1968. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s impact and legacy was not limited to the U.S., but was worldwide, including influencing the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. He is only one of three Americans to have a national holiday, and the only African-American.
John Chapman (September 26, 1774 – March 18, 1845) was a deeply religious man, John Chapman became a self-appointed missionary for the Church of the New Jerusalem, a Christian church based on the Biblical interpretations of Emanuel Swedenborg, a Swedish scientist and theologian. Known as the beloved Johnny Appleseed, he traveled through the Midwest states of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois planting the apple seeds he obtained from cider mills in Pennsylvania in areas he believed settlers would find appealing.
Drawing of John Chapman, aka Johnny Appleseed
Chapman became an American legend while he was still alive through various works of art and literature devoted to his life story. He is exemplary and extraordinary as a man who lived for God, lived for the sake of his fellow human beings, lived in harmony with nature, loved across the boundaries of cultures and ethnicities, and lived simply and sacrificially.