New World Encyclopedia integrates facts with values.
Written by online collaboration with certified experts.
Did you know?
Bette Davis co-founded the "Hollywood Canteen," a club providing food, dancing, and entertainment by Hollywood stars for servicemen on their way to fight overseas in World War II (read more)
Međugorje is a town located in Bosnia and Herzegovina, approximately 15.5 miles (25 km) southwest of Mostar and near the border of Croatia. The town has become well-known due to apparitions of the Virgin Mary, reportedly seen by six local children beginning on June 24, 1981. It is reported that a vision appeared nightly to the six children present, during which time ten "secrets" of future events were revealed. These apparitions are still controversial within the Catholic Church and while some authorities believe in them, they have not been officially accepted.
St. James Church, Međugorje
When word spread of these visions, millions flocked to the town for healing and absolution. The site of the visions, Podbrdo of Mount Crnica, has become known as "Apparition Hill." However, it is nearby Mt. Krizevac that has prominence for pilgrims and where many miracles are reported to occur. The civil war of the early 1990s caused the number of visitors to decline, though it continues to be a popular pilgrimage destination for the faithful.
The name Međugorje is of Slavic origin and translates as "area between two mountains." At an altitude of 200 meters above sea level, it has a mild Mediterranean climate. The town consists of an ethnically-homogeneous Bosnian Catholic population of over 4000, and the Catholic Parish consists of five neighboring villages; Medjugorje, Bijakovići, Vionica, Miletina and Šurmanci.
Popular Article: Gold
Gold (chemical symbol Au; atomic number 79) has long been valued as a noble metal and a symbol of purity, durability, and royalty. Its attractive yellow shine, resistance to corrosion, and relative rarity have made it extremely appealing for use in jewelry, ornaments, and coinage. Kings have chosen to wear golden crowns, and couples have expressed their undying love with gold wedding rings. Yet the attractiveness of gold has also brought out the worst of human nature, as it has been an object of thieves and conquerors. In recent years, gold has been incorporated in a wide variety of products, including computers, communications hardware, aircraft, and spacecraft, and newer applications continue to be tested.
Raw gold from California (top) and Australia (bottom), showing octahedral* formations.