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In 2001 the name of the Indian city of Kolkata was officially changed from "Calcutta" (read more)

Featured Article: Inuksuk

Inuksuit on Baffin Island, Canada
An inuksuk (plural inuksuit) is a stone landmark or cairn built by humans, used by the Inuit, Inupiat, Kalaallit, Yupik, and other peoples of the Arctic region of North America. These structures are found from Alaska to Greenland, a region above the Arctic Circle that is dominated by the tundra biome and has areas with few natural landmarks.

When Nunavut became a separate Canadian territory in 1999, the people chose for their flag a design that features an inuksuk. The 2010 Winter Olympics held in Vancouver used a representation of an inunnguaq (meaning imitation of a person), an inuksuk-like structure that looks like a person, as its logo. Despite disagreements over the choice, and the confusion between inuksuk and inunnguaq, the inuksuk has become popular as a symbol of Canadian culture.

Inuit today revere certain inuksuit because they were built by their ancestors. They provide an important link to the past generations, keeping a connection with the culture and knowledge of those who survived the harsh life in the Arctic.

Popular Article: Jim Crow laws

"Colored Waiting Room" sign from segregationist era United States
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States after 1876 requiring the separation of African-Americans from white Americans in public facilities, such as public schools, hotels, water fountains, restaurants, libraries, buses, and trains, as well as the legal restrictions placed on blacks from exercising their right to vote.

The term Jim Crow comes from the minstrel show song "Jump Jim Crow" written in 1828 and performed by Thomas Dartmouth "Daddy" Rice, a white English migrant to the U.S. and the first popularizer of blackface performance. A caricature of a shabbily dressed rural black named "Jim Crow" became a standard character in minstrel shows. By 1837, Jim Crow was also used to refer to racial segregation generally.