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The Osage reservation was the poorest for agriculture but they became rich when oil was found there. (read more)

Featured Article: Edward S. Curtis

Edward Sheriff Curtis
Edward Sheriff Curtis (February 16, 1868 - October 19, 1952) was a photographer of the American West and of Native American peoples. He was born at the time when the native peoples were in transition from a lifestyle where they were free to roam over whichever part of the continent they chose to a questionable future as the land was taken over by white settlers.

Invited to join anthropological expeditions as a photographer of native tribes, Curtis was inspired to embark on the immense project that became his 20 volume work, The North American Indian. Covering over 80 tribes and comprising over 40,000 photographic images, this monumental work was supported by J.P. Morgan and President Theodore Roosevelt. Although today Curtis is regarded as one of the greatest American art photographers, in his time his work was harshly criticized by scholars and the project was a financial disaster.

Nevertheless, Curtis' work is an incredible record of Native American people, of their strength and traditional lifestyles before the white men came. His vision was affected by the times, which viewed the native peoples as a "vanishing race," and Curtis sought to record their ways before they completely vanished, using whatever remained of the old ways and people to do so. Curtis paid people to recreate scenes, and manipulated images to produce the effects he desired. He did not see how these people were to survive under the rule of the Euro-Americans, and so he did not record those efforts. In fact, their traditional lifestyles could not continue, and it was those that Curtis sought to document. Given the tragic history that ensued for these peoples, his work stands as a testament to their strength, pride, honor, beauty, and diversity, a record that can help their descendants regain places of pride in the world and also help others to better appreciate their true value.

Popular Article: Gypsy Rose Lee

Gypsy Rose Lee in the film Stage Door Canteen (1943)
Gypsy Rose Lee (also known as Rose Louise Hovick and Louise Hovick) (February 9, 1911 – April 26, 1970) was an American actress, burlesque entertainer, and writer, whose 1957 memoir, which included a scathing portrait of her domineering mother, was made into the stage musical and film, Gypsy. She was a supporter of the Popular front movement in the Spanish Civil War and raised money for charity to alleviate the suffering of children during the conflict which preceded World War II. In 1969, she performed for American troops in Vietnam. Despite her own difficult childhood, and her relationship with her mother, her spirit matured into a generous, humane, and warm-hearted woman. She did what she had to do to climb up the show-business ladder, and is credited in her early days with making the strip-tease into a sophisticated act. Her talent was not only interpreting others' work; she wrote successful novels and plays as well as her famous autobiography.