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All knowledge of Egyptian hieroglyphs was lost by the Romans and was not recovered until the discovery of the Rosetta Stone in 1799 (read more)

Featured Article: Mapuche

Mapuche man from Chile, 2007
Mapuche (Mapudungun; Che, "People" + Mapu, "of the land") are the Indigenous inhabitants of Central and Southern Chile and Southern Argentina. They were known as Araucanos (Araucanians) by the Spaniards but this is now considered pejorative by the people, and the term Mapuche is the one most often used by people in conversation and in the media in Chile and Argentina.

They are the only undefeated indigenous people in South America, having maintained their independence against the Inca empire, and later the Spanish, for over 300 years. To do so, they reorganized their traditional way of life, gathering together previously separate villages into strong alliances. Today, they experience great difficulty finding cultural survival. Expansion into their forest regions, leading to disputes over land, threatens the Mapuche way of life. Traditionally surviving on what is basically subsistence agriculture, supplemented by their skills in silver-working, many contemporary Mapuche have chosen to leave this lifestyle and seek a more modern life in the cities. Having resisted domination by outsiders for so long, it may be time for the Mapuche to find the way to balance their traditional way of life with the advances offered by others and take their place in the emerging world of peace and prosperity for all.

Popular Article: Terrorism

Damage to the Murrah building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA, April 19, 1995.
Terrorism is a term used to describe violence or other harmful acts committed (or threatened) against civilians by groups or persons for political or other ideological goals. Most definitions of terrorism include only those acts which are intended to create fear or "terror," are perpetrated for a political goal (as opposed to a hate crime or "madman" attack), and deliberately target "non-combatants." Some definitions include a priori immunity for the "legitimate" government. Consistent definitions may not restrict or fix in advance the list of possible affected subjects and must include state terrorism. In many cases the determination of "legitimate" targets and the definition of "combatant" are disputed, especially by partisans to the conflict in question.

Many people find the terms "terrorism" and "terrorist" (someone who engages in terrorism) to have a negative connotation. These terms are often used as political labels to condemn violence or threat of violence by certain actors as immoral, indiscriminate, or unjustified. Those labeled "terrorists" may not identify themselves as such, and typically use other generic terms or terms specific to their situation, such as separatist, freedom fighter, liberator, revolutionary, guerrilla, or jihadi.