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Even within societies which allow polygamy, in actual practice it generally occurs only rarely. (read more)
Buddhist art refers to the rich and diverse representations of religious images, sculpture, dance, visual mythology, and symbols deriving from the various Buddhist communities found around the world. Buddhist art exhibits distinctive forms and characteristics reflecting the diverse cultures and countries in which it has spread.
A Buddhist mandala from the Tibetan tradition
Early Buddhist art emerged in India and Sri Lanka following the death of Gautama Buddha (563 B.C.E. to 483 B.C.E.). This original, formative period of Buddhist art was aniconic in character (avoiding direct representation of the human figure). However, around the first century C.E., following the Greek invasion of northwestern India and Buddhist contact with Hellenistic culture in the Indo-Greek Kingdoms, an iconic period of Buddhist art began to flourish in India. The growth of Buddhist art, in turn, influenced the development of Hindu art, until Buddhism virtually disappeared in India around the tenth century due, in part, to the vigorous expansion of both Islam and Hinduism.
Miyamoto Musashi (宮本 武蔵, Miyamoto Musashi; c. 1584 - June 13, 1645), (childhood name Miyamoto Bennosuke or Miyamoto Musana), was the best-known Japanese swordsman. He is believed to have been one of the most skilled swordsmen in Japanese history. Musashi, as he is often known, became legendary through his outstanding swordsmanship in numerous duels, starting when he was thirteen years old. He is the founder of the Hyoho Niten Ichi-ryu, or Nito Ryu style (two-sword style) of swordsmanship, and wrote Go Rin No Sho (The Book of Five Rings), a book on strategy, tactics, and practical philosophy still studied today by all types of people—from martial artists to business professionals. Musashi emphasized the "Way of Strategy," taking an overall view of a conflict and devising the best method for countering the enemy's attack, rather than just focusing on technical skills and execution. He taught his students to anticipate an opponent's next move and thwart it. Though not overtly religious, Musashi practiced Zen, and taught that success in combat was based on a person's character and mental preparation. Musashi developed the technique of holding the long sword with one hand instead of two, and often fought with a long sword in one hand and a short sword or other weapon in the other hand.
Miyamoto Musashi killing a nue, by Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1798-1861)
As a swordsman, Mushashi trained to develop his physical strength. His original intention was only to become a strong swordsman, but he gradually came to realize that the strategic principles and practical philosophy he discovered were applicable to diverse phases of human life.