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Featured Article: PraguePrague (Czech: Praha), is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Situated on the Vltava River in central Bohemia, it is home to approximately 1.2 million people. Since 1992, its historic center has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. According to Guinness World Records, Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world. The four independent boroughs that had formerly constituted Prague—Hradčany, Malá Strana, Staré Město and Nové Město—were proclaimed a single city in 1784. Further expansion occurred with the annexation of city quarters Josefov in 1850 and Vyšehrad in 1883, and in early 1922, an additional 37 municipalities were incorporated, raising its population to 676,000. In 1938, the population reached one million.
Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, Prague has become one of Europe's and the world's most popular tourist destinations. It is the sixth-most visited European city after London, Paris, Rome, Madrid and Berlin.
Prague suffered considerably less damage during World War II than other major cities in the region, allowing most of its historic architecture to stay true to form. It boasts one of the world's most pristine and varied collections of Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, neoclassicism, Art Nouveau, cubism, and ultra-modern architecture. Unique in the world is cubism, elsewhere limited to paintings but here materialized in architecture as well. Prague’s cubists even set up a housing establishment inspired by this style. Arts under communism were limited to “socialist realism,” with its unsightly high-rise apartment buildings built of prefabricated panels.
Popular Article: GallbladderThe gallbladder (also gall bladder), or cholecyst, is a pear-shaped organ that stores and concentrates bile until it is needed to aid with fat digestion.
In humans, the gallbladder is about seven to ten centimeters long and dark green in appearance due to its contents (bile). Although the gallbladder is not a necessary organ for survival in humans, it plays valuable roles in digesting fats, concentrating bile, and serving as a bridge between the liver and the intestine. Although loss of the gallbladder impairs the efficiency of digestion, an otherwise healthy and stress-free person, can function well without it.
Because the gallbladder can be removed from humans without much effect and is not present in many animals, it is sometimes mistakenly classified as a vestigial organ—a body part that has lost all or most of its original function through evolution.
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