was Pope towards the end of the Babylonian captivity
. He was not involved in the politics at the papal court, where ambitious men vied for power. He was an outsider when elected. A professor and an Abbot, he had distinguished himself as a papal diplomat and was elected as a compromise candidate. His simple Benedictine life-style contrasted sharply with the luxury of the papal court. He wanted to move the papacy back to Rome
, and briefly relocated there. He did much to restore spiritual integrity to an office that had too often compromised itself with a preference for worldly wealth and secular power. He also tried to re-unify Eastern and Western Christianity. History, according to the Divine Principle
, is "woven of the lives of people who are inclined towards both good and evil" (Exposition
, 8). Urban V appears to have been more inclined towards the good. He was Pope when the papacy was still being punished for having compromised its spiritual authority by choosing a secular, worldly path, so it had been "deprived of power and dignity" (339) and was existing as a puppet of the French kings (324). Eventually, after the reign of such men as Urban V, the papacy
would regain through indemnity its authority as it successfully reformed itself (325).