Mumtaz Mahal (April, 1593 - June 17, 1631) (Persian, Urdu: ممتاز محل; pronunciation /mumtɑːz mɛhɛl/; meaning "beloved ornament of the palace") is the common nickname of Arjumand Banu Begum, an Indian-Persian Empress in the Mughal Dynasty. She was born in Agra, India. Her father was the Persian noble Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, the brother of Nur Jehan (who subsequently became the wife of the emperor Jahangir). She was religiously a Shi'a Muslim. She was married at the age of 19, on May 10, 1612, to Prince Khurram, who would later ascend the Peacock Throne as Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I. She was his third wife, and became his favorite.
She died in Burhanpur in the Deccan (now in Madhya Pradesh) during the birth of their fourteenth child, a daughter named Gauhara Begum. Her body remained at Burhanpur for 23 years until the Taj was completed. Only then was her coffin shifted to Agra. Her body was then buried in the Taj Mahal in Agra, which is widely acknowledged to be one of the world's most beautiful buildings, a triumph of architectural skill and an immortal monument to love. If Mumtaz had not lived, if her husband had not cherished her memory as much as he did, the world would lack a jewel in the crown of human artistic and creative achievement. Millions of visitors to this sublime memorial are inspired to imagine that if men and women could produce such an exquisite, beautiful witness to love, they might also have the necessary creativity to make the world a place where only love and harmony exist between people, banishing hatred and hostility from the human space.
Marriage is central to Unification teachings: It is the foundation for family life, moving men and women from being individuals who experienced love as children, from their parents and elders, and as siblings, from their brothers and sisters and peers, to the relationship of spouses, where they experience conjugal love. Following this, they give birth to their own children and experience the realm of parental love, which is the type of love God gives to humankind. Marriage is the foundation for family life, it is the place where we experience true love between man and woman, create new life, and establish our lineage. It has a horizontal and vertical dimension. It is the foundation for a better, even for a perfect society.