# Definition: Statistics

## Etymology

From German *Statistik*, from New Latin *statisticum* (of the state) and Italian *statista* (statesman, politician), compare English statist. *Statistik* introduced by Gottfried Achenwall (1749), originally designated the analysis of data about the state.

## Noun

**statistics** (uncountable)

- A discipline, principally within applied mathematics, concerned with the systematic study of the collection, presentation, analysis, and interpretation of data.
**Statistics**is the only mathematical field required for many social sciences.

- A systematic collection of data on measurements or observations, often related to demographic information such as population counts, incomes, population counts at different ages, etc.
*The***statistics**from the Census for apportionment are available.

### Usage notes

Within mathematics, the term statistics usually refers to mathematical statistics.

### Derived terms

- algebraic statistics
- applied statistics
- astrostatistics
- biostatistics
- Bose-Einstein statistics
- descriptive statistics
- ethnostatistics
- geostatistics
- inferential statistics
- lexicostatistics
- mathematical statistics
- parastatistics
- particle statistics
- phonostatistics
- photostatistics
- statistician
- stats
- stylostatistics
- superstatistics
- thermostatistics
- vital statistics

## Credits

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