This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. It includes territories that are independent states (both those that are internationally recognized and generally unrecognized), inhabited dependent territories, and areas of special sovereignty. The list covers all areas under the jurisdiction of the listed countries, namely territory, territorial waters (including internal waters and contiguous zones), exclusive economic zone, continental shelf, and airspace.
Types of political entities included
On this list are 245 entities of the following types:
- 192 member states of the United Nations (UN).
- 1 state with general international recognition but not UN membership, governed by the Holy See (a UN permanent observer): Vatican City.
- 9 states lacking general international recognition, none of which are UN members, that may be defined as states in the body of customary international law, drawing on the precedent of the Montevideo Convention.        
- 38 inhabited dependent territories.
- 5 special entities recognized by international treaty or agreement
Key of country names
- Afghanistan (bold) - States with general international recognition
- Abkhazia (bold and italic) - States lacking general international recognition
- Akrotiri and Dhekelia (unbold) - Other non-state countries
List of countries
- Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia
- Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
- Akrotiri and Dhekelia – Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK overseas territory)
- Åland – Åland Islands (Autonomous province of Finland)
- Albania – Republic of Albania
- Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
- American Samoa – Territory of American Samoa (US territory)
- Andorra – Principality of Andorra
- Angola – Republic of Angola
- Anguilla (UK overseas territory)
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Argentina – Argentine Republic
- Armenia – Republic of Armenia
- Aruba (Self-governing country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
- Ascension Island (Dependency of the UK overseas territory of Saint Helena)
- Australia – Commonwealth of Australia
- Austria – Republic of Austria
- Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan
- Gabon – Gabonese Republic
- Gambia, The – Republic of The Gambia
- Germany – Federal Republic of Germany
- Ghana – Republic of Ghana
- Gibraltar (UK overseas territory)
- Greece – Hellenic Republic
- Greenland (Self-governing country in the Kingdom of Denmark)
- Guam – Territory of Guam (US organized territory)
- Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala
- Guernsey – Bailiwick of Guernsey (British Crown dependency)
- Guinea – Republic of Guinea
- Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau
- Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana
- Haiti – Republic of Haiti
- Honduras – Republic of Honduras
- Hong Kong – Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (Area of special sovereignty)
- Hungary – Republic of Hungary
- Oman – Sultanate of Oman
- Yemen – Republic of Yemen
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 The Holy See is a unique sovereign entity under international law vis-à-vis Vatican City with the Pope as the head of both, maintaining diplomatic/official relations with over 170 states/entities and participating in various international organizations either in its own capacity or on behalf of Vatican City.
- ↑ Taipei Times - archives
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia regards it as an integral part of its territory, the formal name of which is "Kosovo and Metohija." It has been under United Nations administration since 1999 under the terms of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 that ended the Kosovo conflict. That resolution reaffirmed the sovereignty of Serbia over Kosovo but required the UN administration to promote the establishment of 'substantial autonomy and self-government' for Kosovo pending a 'final settlement' for negotiation between the parties. See also Constitutional status of Kosovo.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Abkhazia is a de facto independent state operating within what the majority of states recognize as the de jure territory of Georgia. After fifteen years without diplomatic recognition from any UN member state, Russia became the first generally-recognized state recognize Abkhazia as independent on 26 August 2008. See Russia recognises Georgian rebels . BBC News. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 South Ossetia is a de facto independent state operating within what the majority of states recognize as the de jure territory of Georgia. After fifteen years without diplomatic recognition from any UN member state, Russia became the first generally-recognized state recognize South Ossetia as independent on 26 August 2008. See Russia recognises Georgian rebels . BBC News. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is a de facto independent state operating within what the majority of states recognize as the de jure territory of the Republic of Cyprus, recognized by no UN member states except Turkey. Though without universal diplomatic recognition, it was accepted as an observer state of the Organization of the Islamic Conference in the name of Turkish Cypriot State since 1979. In addition, the legislature of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan, who exercises sovereignty over Nakhichevan, has not followed suit. See The World Factbook - Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Nagorno-Karabakh is a de facto independent state inside the de jure territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states. See Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh (17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Somaliland is a de facto independent state inside the de jure territory of the Somali Republic, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states. See Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Transnistria is a de facto independent state inside the de jure territory of the Republic of Moldova, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states, commonly known and referred to internationally as Transnistria, but sometimes referred to as "Pridnestrovie" (along with the corresponding long-form name "Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic"). See Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
- ↑ The overseas regions/overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion are integral part of France, and therefore not listed.
- ↑ Argentina is also named Argentine Nation for purposes of legislation.
- ↑ See also Nagorno-Karabakh.
- ↑ See also entities Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, as well as District Brčko.
- ↑ Canada is also infrequently referred to as Dominion of Canada.
- ↑ The Central African Republic is also infrequently rendered as Central Africa.
- ↑ The People's Republic of China is commonly referred to as China. It is sometimes called mainland China to distinguish it from the Republic of China. The term mainland China is also used at times to refer to all of the People's Republic of China except for its special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao.
- ↑ The Democratic Republic of the Congo is referred to as Congo-Kinshasa to distinguish it from the Republic of the Congo. It is also often referred to as Zaire, its official name from 1971 to 1997.
- ↑ The Republic of the Congo is referred to as Congo-Brazzaville to distinguish it from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- ↑ See also Northern Cyprus.
- ↑ The Czech Republic is also infrequently rendered as Czechia. See Names of the Czech Republic.
- ↑ Falkland Islands is also claimed by Argentina as Islas Malvinas.
- ↑ See also Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
- ↑ The Bailiwick of Guernsey includes its self-governing dependencies Alderney, Herm and Sark.
- ↑ Hong Kong is a Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China. It is often diplomatically known as Hong Kong, China.
- ↑ Ireland is often referred to as the Republic of Ireland (its official description but not its name). Sometimes this is done to distinguish Ireland from island of Ireland as a whole. However, sometimes it is done for political reasons and is contentious.
- ↑ The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is popularly known as North Korea.
- ↑ The Republic of Korea is popularly known as South Korea.
- ↑ Kyrgyzstan is also sometimes rendered as Kirghizia.
- ↑ Macao is a Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China. It is diplomatically known as Macao, China.
- ↑ Republic of Macedonia is referred to by UN and a number of countries and international organizations as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
- ↑ See also Transnistria.
- ↑ See also Western Sahara.
- ↑ Legally the Netherlands refers to the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, with the latter consisting of the Netherlands and two overseas countries, namely Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.
- ↑ The Palestinian territories are those portions of the former British Mandate of Palestine captured and administered by Jordan and Egypt in the late 1940s, and later by Israel following the 1967 Six-Day War. They include Gaza Strip and West Bank, both of which are now divded into 3 areas (Area A, Area B, and Area C) and 16 governorates under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority in accordance with the Oslo Accords. The permanent legal and political status of these places are subject to further negotiation between the government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization.
- ↑ See also Kosovo - under UN administration.
- ↑ Somalia is presently fragmented with its Transitional National Government
- ↑ Svalbard is an overseas territory of Norway recognized by international treaty.
- ↑ The Republic of China (ROC) is a state commonly referred to as Taiwan. It is also diplomatically occasionally known as Chinese Taipei or other names. The ROC is no longer a United Nations member since late 1971 and regarded by UN as Taiwan, Province of China (see also One-China policy and Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China). It is currently recognized by 23 UN member states, including observer state the Holy See, and with de facto international relations with most others. The political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under the ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. The ROC should not be confused with the Republic of Taiwan proposed by supporters of Taiwan independence.
- ↑ Western Sahara is a former Spanish colony which was in 1960s put on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories subject to decolonization. It is claimed by the Kingdom of Morocco which currently rules large portion of it, and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) which exercises effective control over the area east of Moroccan Wall. SADR is a member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. It is currently recognized by 46 UN member states but has never been admitted to UN itself. UN has attempted to hold a referendum through the mission United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), and is holding direct talks between Morocco and the Polisario Front (the ruling party of SADR). Despite these attempts, however, the legal and political status of Western Sahara remain unresolved. See also Legal status of Western Sahara.
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