List of U.S. states by elevation

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A topographical map of the contiguous United States with hypsometric tints

The elevation of U.S. states may be described in several ways:[1] by the elevation of their highest point, the elevation of their lowest points, their mean elevation, and the difference between their highest points and lowest points. These different measures yield different answers to the question, "which is the highest/most rugged/lowest/flattest state?"

Alaska could be regarded as the highest state because Mount McKinley, at 20,320 ft (6,194 m), is the highest point in the United States.[2] However, Colorado, with the highest average altitude of any state, could also be considered a candidate for "highest state."

There is no clearcut lowest/flattest state: Florida has the lowest high point and the least difference between highest and lowest point; Delaware has the lowest mean elevation; and California has the lowest point in the United States (Badwater, at 282 ft (86 m) below sea level.)[3]

In the list below, the elevations listed are in the NGVD29 vertical datum, unless otherwise noted.

State Highest point[1][2][4] Highest elevation[1][2][4] Lowest point[1] Lowest elevation[1] Mean elevation[1] Elevation difference
Alabama Cheaha Mountain 2,413 feet (735 m)[5] Gulf of Mexico 0 feet (0 m) 500 feet (152 m) 2,413 feet (735 m)
Alaska Mount McKinley 20,320 feet (6,194 m) Pacific Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 1,900 feet (579 m) 20,320 feet (6,194 m)
Arizona Humphreys Peak 12,637 feet (3,852 m)[6] Colorado River 70 feet (21 m) 4,100 feet (1,250 m) 12,567 feet (3,830 m)
Arkansas Mount Magazine 2,753 feet (839 m) Ouachita River 55 feet (17 m) 650 feet (198 m) 2,698 feet (822 m)
California Mount Whitney 14,505 feet (4,421 m)[7] Death Valley -282 feet (-86 m) 2,900 feet (884 m) 14,776 feet (4,504 m)
Colorado Mount Elbert 14,440 feet (4,401 m)[8] Arikaree River[9] 3,315 feet (1,010 m) 6,800 feet (2,073 m) 11,125 feet (3,391 m)
Connecticut Mount Frissell 2,380 feet (725 m) Long Island Sound 0 feet (0 m) 500 feet (152 m) 2,380 feet (725 m)
Delaware Ebright Azimuth 448 feet (137 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 60 feet (18 m) 448 feet (137 m)
District of Columbia Fort Reno 410 feet (125 m) Potomac River 1 foot (0 m) 150 feet (46 m) 409 feet (125 m)
Florida Britton Hill 345 feet (105 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 100 feet (30 m) 345 feet (105 m)
Georgia Brasstown Bald 4,784 feet (1,458 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 600 feet (183 m) 4,784 feet (1,458 m)
Hawaii Mauna Kea 13,796 feet (4,205 m) Pacific Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 3,030 feet (924 m) 13,796 feet (4,205 m)
Idaho Borah Peak 12,662 feet (3,859 m) Snake River 710 feet (216 m) 5,000 feet (1,524 m) 11,952 feet (3,643 m)
Illinois Charles Mound 1,235 feet (376 m) Mississippi River 279 feet (85 m) 600 feet (183 m) 956 feet (291 m)
Indiana Hoosier Hill 1,257 feet (383 m) Ohio River 320 feet (98 m) 700 feet (213 m) 937 feet (286 m)
Iowa Hawkeye Point 1,670 feet (509 m) Mississippi River 480 feet (146 m) 1,100 feet (335 m) 1,190 feet (363 m)
Kansas Mount Sunflower 4,039 feet (1,231 m) Verdigris River 679 feet (207 m) 2,000 feet (610 m) 3,360 feet (1,024 m)
Kentucky Black Mountain 4,145 feet (1,263 m) Mississippi River 257 feet (78 m) 750 feet (229 m) 3,888 feet (1,185 m)
Louisiana Driskill Mountain 535 feet (163 m) New Orleans -8 feet (-2 m) 100 feet (30 m) 543 feet (166 m)
Maine Mount Katahdin 5,267 feet (1,605 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 600 feet (183 m) 5,267 feet (1,605 m)
Maryland Hoye-Crest 3,360 feet (1,024 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 350 feet (107 m) 3,360 feet (1,024 m)
Massachusetts Mount Greylock 3,487 feet (1,063 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 500 feet (152 m) 3,487 feet (1,063 m)
Michigan Mount Arvon 1,979 feet (603 m) Lake Erie 571 feet (174 m) 900 feet (274 m) 1,408 feet (429 m)
Minnesota Eagle Mountain 2,301 feet (701 m) Lake Superior 601 feet (183 m) 1,200 feet (366 m) 1,700 feet (518 m)
Mississippi Woodall Mountain 806 feet (246 m) Gulf of Mexico 0 feet (0 m) 300 feet (91 m) 806 feet (246 m)
Missouri Taum Sauk Mountain 1,772 feet (540 m) Saint Francis River 230 feet (70 m) 800 feet (244 m) 1,542 feet (470 m)
Montana Granite Peak 12,799 feet (3,901 m) Kootenai River 1,800 feet (549 m) 3,400 feet (1,036 m) 10,999 feet (3,352 m)
Nebraska Panorama Point 5,424 feet (1,653 m) Missouri River 840 feet (256 m) 2,600 feet (792 m) 4,584 feet (1,397 m)
Nevada Boundary Peak 13,140 feet (4,005 m) Colorado River 479 feet (146 m) 5,500 feet (1,676 m) 12,661 feet (3,859 m)
New Hampshire Mount Washington 6,288 feet (1,917 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 1,000 feet (305 m) 6,288 feet (1,917 m)
New Jersey High Point 1,803 feet (550 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 250 feet (76 m) 1,803 feet (550 m)
New Mexico Wheeler Peak 13,161 feet (4,011 m) Red Bluff Reservoir 2,842 feet (866 m) 5,700 feet (1,737 m) 10,319 feet (3,145 m)
New York Mount Marcy 5,344 feet (1,629 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 1,000 feet (305 m) 5,344 feet (1,629 m)
North Carolina Mount Mitchell 6,684 feet (2,037 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 700 feet (213 m) 6,684 feet (2,037 m)
North Dakota White Butte 3,506 feet (1,069 m) Red River 750 feet (229 m) 1,900 feet (579 m) 2,756 feet (840 m)
Ohio Campbell Hill 1,549 feet (472 m) Ohio River 455 feet (139 m) 850 feet (259 m) 1,094 feet (333 m)
Oklahoma Black Mesa 4,973 feet (1,516 m) Little River 289 feet (88 m) 1,300 feet (396 m) 4,684 feet (1,428 m)
Oregon Mount Hood 11,249 feet (3,429 m) Pacific Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 3,300 feet (1,006 m) 11,249 feet (3,429 m)
Pennsylvania Mount Davis 3,213 feet (979 m) Delaware River 0 feet (0 m) 1,100 feet (335 m) 3,213 feet (979 m)
Rhode Island Jerimoth Hill 812 feet (247 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 350 feet (107 m) 812 feet (247 m)
South Carolina Sassafras Mountain 3,560 feet (1,085 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 350 feet (107 m) 3,560 feet (1,085 m)
South Dakota Harney Peak 7,242 feet (2,207 m) Big Stone Lake 966 feet (294 m) 2,200 feet (671 m) 6,276 feet (1,913 m)
Tennessee Clingmans Dome 6,643 feet (2,025 m) Mississippi River 178 feet (54 m) 900 feet (274 m) 6,465 feet (1,971 m)
Texas Guadalupe Peak 8,749 feet (2,667 m) Gulf of Mexico 0 feet (0 m) 1,700 feet (518 m) 8,749 feet (2,667 m)
Utah Kings Peak 13,528 feet (4,123 m) Beaver Dam Wash 2,000 feet (610 m) 6,100 feet (1,859 m) 11,528 feet (3,514 m)
Vermont Mount Mansfield 4,393 feet (1,339 m) Lake Champlain 95 feet (29 m) 1,000 feet (305 m) 4,298 feet (1,310 m)
Virginia Mount Rogers 5,729 feet (1,746 m) Atlantic Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 950 feet (290 m) 5,729 feet (1,746 m)
Washington Mount Rainier 14,410 feet (4,392 m) Pacific Ocean 0 feet (0 m) 1,700 feet (518 m) 14,410 feet (4,392 m)
West Virginia Spruce Knob 4,861 feet (1,482 m) Potomac River 240 feet (73 m) 1,500 feet (457 m) 4,621 feet (1,408 m)
Wisconsin Timms Hill 1,951 feet (595 m) Lake Michigan 579 feet (176 m) 1,050 feet (320 m) 1,372 feet (418 m)
Wyoming Gannett Peak 13,804 feet (4,207 m) Belle Fourche River 3,099 feet (945 m) 6,700 feet (2,042 m) 10,705 feet (3,263 m)
Map of high points as red circles, low points as green squares. Low points on coastlines are not shown.


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Extreme and Mean Elevations by State and Other Areas. United States Census (2004). Retrieved 2008-11-27.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 U.S. State Highpoints. summitpost.org. Retrieved 2008-11-28.
  3. Badwater. United States Geological Survey (2004-01-13).
  4. 4.0 4.1 U.S. State High Points. peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2008-11-28.
  5. NGS Data Sheet for Cheaha Mountain. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  6. Frisco. NGS Data Sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-13.
  7. Whitney. NGS Data Sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2008-04-09.
  8. Lipsher, Steve, "No tall tale: State higher than thought", Denver Post, July 7, 2002. Retrieved 2007-04-19.
  9. Arikaree River - lowest point in Colorado. Retrieved 2008-11-28.

External links



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