Please post your comments and suggestions for this article.

Comment by Wiremu Heke on August 2nd, 2009 at 4:53 pm

Kia ora team, you might want to add a few more references to your ki-o-rahi article? There is a traditional field being constructed at Uawa on the East Coast of NZ see ‘traditional sports on comeback’ by Martin Gibson and the game itself is included in the ‘Encyclopedia of Play in Society Today’, author Rodney Carlisle, Sage, 2009; and ‘Nga Taonga Takaro: Maori sports and Games’, author Harko Brown, Raupo, 2008.

Comment by Jennifer Tanabe on August 3rd, 2009 at 11:54 am

Thank you for that information and references. I have added them to the article.

Comment by wiremu heke on August 6th, 2009 at 5:01 pm

Thankyou Jennifer, with regards to traditional ball games, according to the literature around the modern umbrella term if you like is ki-o-rahi. There were many different names for ball playing from hapu to hapu in ancient times including pei, poi, taparahi, kui, kikiporowhita etc. Traditional ball games are seen today to be encompassed by ki-o-rahi. This is similar to other sports such as mau rakau, kapa haka and waka ama – they are all modern day terms used to collectively coral different forms of the same game via a connective whakapapa, or origin. Such terms you will not find generally, I don’t think in literature pre- 1940, but ofcourse that is not definitive. Of interest to some people might be the fact that traditional ball games histories have also kept alive through the arts of raranga or weaving, a book out by Mick Prendergast, Fun With Flax, Reed Methuen, Auckland, 1987; records several methods for making the ancient balls, or ki, used in traditional ball play.

Comment by Jennifer Tanabe on August 7th, 2009 at 10:33 am

Thank you for your feedback with additional valuable information. I have incorporated it into the article.

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