Definition: Chess

From New World Encyclopedia


From Middle English ches, chesse, from Old French eschés, plural of eschec, from Medieval Latin scaccus, from Arabic شَاه or šāh (king in chess), from Classical Persian شاه or šāh (shah, king), from Middle Persian 𐭬𐭫𐭪𐭠 or mlkʾ /⁠šāh⁠/, from Old Persian 𐏋 or /⁠xšāyaθiya⁠/.


chess (usually uncountable, plural chesses)

  1. A board game for two players, each beginning with sixteen chess pieces moving according to fixed rules across a chessboard with the objective to checkmate the opposing king.

Derived terms

  • 3-D chess
  • 4D chess
  • chessboard
  • chess engine
  • chesspiece
  • chessplayer
  • chess set
  • classical chess
  • computer chess
  • correspondence chess


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