Rogers Hornsby (April 27, 1896 in Winters, Texas - January 5, 1963 in Chicago, Illinois), was a Major League Baseball second baseman and manager. Nicknamed "The Rajah," he spent most of his career with the St. Louis Browns and the St. Louis Cardinals, with short stints at several other clubs.
Hornsby ranks second on the list for highest career batting average, behind Ty Cobb's average of .366. His .358 career average is the highest for any right-handed hitter in baseball and any National League player. The Baseball Hall of Fame elected Hornsby in 1942. In 1999, he was naamed to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.
In addition to his success on the field, Hornsby was one of baseball's more successful player-managers, guiding his Cardinals to a World Series victory over Babe Ruth and the New York Yankees in 1926. Hornsby, himself, tagged out Ruth trying to steal second base, thus ending that Series.
Hornsby holds the modern record for highest batting average in a season, .424 in 1924, and he won the Triple Crown—leading in home runs, runs batted in, and batting average—in 1922 and again in 1925. He won the NL's MVP Award twice, in 1925 and 1929. At his peak, from 1920 to 1925, Hornsby led his league in batting average all six years, in RBIs four years, and in home runs twice. Over the 1921 through 1925 seasons, Hornsby averaged an astonishing .402 for five years, a feat unlikely to be equaled again. He hit over 300 homers in his career (not all of them as a second baseman).
- Hornsby holds the National League record for career batting average at .358.
- He hit better than .300 15 times and better than .400 three times.
- He won seven batting titles, two HR titles and four RBI crowns.
- He on triple crowns in 1922 and 1925.
- Even though Hall of Fame rules state that a player must be retired for five years before he can be inducted, Hornsby received 105 votes during the inaugural year of 1936—one year before he retired.
- Hornsby is the only right-handed hitter in the twentieth century to hit .400 in three seasons.
- In 1922, Hornsby became the first National Leaguer ever to hit 40 home runs in a season.
- In only his second season as the player-manager, Hornby led the Cardinals to defeat the New York Yankees four games to three in the 1926 World Series.
- His career .358 batting average is the highest by a right-handed hitter in either league.
- Hornsby's .424 batting average in 1924 is the highest mark in the National League in the twentieth century.
Although he was one of the more controversial characters in baseball history, Hornsby did not drink or smoke; however, he was a compulsive gambler. As with Ty Cobb, his photogenic smile belied a dark side. One writer characterized him as "a liturgy of hatred," and according to legendary baseball writer Fred Lieb, he was a member of the Ku Klux Klan. His chief interest was in winning, and he could be as sarcastic and uncompromising with club owners as he was with his teammates.
When Hornsby was traded from the St. Louis Cardinals to the New York Giants after the 1926 season, the deal was held up because Hornsby, as part of his contract as the manager of the Cardinals (he was a player-manager at the time), owned several shares of stock in the Cardinals. Cardinals owner Sam Breadon offered Hornsby a sum for the stock considerably lower than what Hornsby demanded for it, and neither would budge. Eventually, the other owners of the National League made up the difference, and the trade went through.
As with some other star athletes, as a manager, he had trouble relating to players who shared neither his talent nor his zeal for winning. As his playing skills waned, he tended to be shuffled from team to team, wearing out his welcome quickly among his charges. Having won the World Series as a player-manager with the Cardinals, he was traded to the Giants for the 1927 season, then to the Boston Braves in 1928, and finally moved on to the Chicago Cubs in 1929, where he became their player-manager (and remained for three seasons thereafter), thus playing for four different teams in four years.
As Bill Veeck related in his autobiography, Veeck as in Wreck, his father Bill Sr., who was president and general manager of the Chicago Cubs, had hired Hornsby, and soon disposed of him when the usual problems surfaced. Some years later, when the junior Veeck hired Hornsby to manage his St. Louis Browns for a time, his widowed mother wrote him a letter asking, "What makes you think you're any smarter than your Daddy was?" After a near mutiny by the players, Veeck let Hornsby go, and his mother wrote back, "Told ya so!" Veeck, alert as ever to an opportunity for publicity, arranged a stunt in which he was awarded a trophy by the players for freeing them from Hornsby's control.
In his later years, Hornsby's disdain for younger players only increased. According to the book Can't Anybody Here Play This Game? (Breslin 2003) Hornsby was hired by the fledgling New York Mets to scout all the major league players. His report was not especially useful, as the best compliment he could come up with for anyone was "Looks like a major league ballplayer"—his assessment of Mickey Mantle. In another anecdote, Hornsby reviewed a group of major league players with his customary, none-too-complimentary remarks. Among the group were Chicago Cubs' third baseman Ron Santo and outfielder Billy Williams. Hornsby had just gotten through dimissing one player with the comment, "You'd better go back to shining shoes because you can't hit," when Santo whispered to Williams, "If he says that to me, I'm going to cry." When Hornsby came to Santo, he said, "You can hit in the big leagues right now," then turned to Williams and said, "So can you."
In another quote attibuted to him while coaching for the 1962 Mets, Hornsby was asked how well he thought he could hit the current crop of pichers if he were playing today, to which he replied "I guess I'd hit about .280 or .290." When asked why he'd hit for such a low average, Hornsby replied "Well, I'm 66 years old, what do you expect."
In contrast with his usual contempt for young players, he could be generous to those who had the "right stuff." When Hornsby was managing Cincinnati, Reds players recalled him giving impromptu batting tips to the opposition, unable to help himself. Biographers of Ted Williams cite the story that the young Williams spoke with the aging Hornsby about hitting. Hornsby's secret was simply this: "Wait for a good pitch to hit." That became Williams' creed and the creed of many who followed.
Hornsby died in 1963 of a heart attack after cataract surgery. He was buried in the Hornsby Bend cemetery east of Austin, Texas.
- "Baseball is my life, the only thing I know and can talk about. My only interest."
- "People ask me what I do in winter when there’s no baseball. I’ll tell you what I do. I stare out the window and wait for spring."
- "I don't want to play golf. When I hit a ball, I want someone else to go chase it."
- "Well, I wasn't making any progress trying to talk to him."—Hornsby, when asked why he had just punched someone in the face during an argument.
Quotes about Hornsby
- "Son, when you pitch a strike, Mr. Hornsby will let you know."
—Umpire Bill Klem, responding to complaints from a young pitcher who thought some of his pitches to Rogers Hornsby were strikes, though Klem had called them as balls.
- "Ol' Rogers was quite a hitter, wasn't he?"—Pete Rose to a reporter in 1978 while he was pursuing a 44-game hitting streak and had just tied Hornsby's personal best at 33.
- Alexander, Charles. Rogers Hornsby: A Biography. Owl Books, 1996. ISBN 9780805046977
- Breslin, Jimmy. Can't Anybody Here Play This Game?: The Improbable Saga of the New York Met's First Year. Ivan R. Dee, Publisher, 2003. ISBN 9781566634885
- D'Amore, Jonathan. Rogers Hornsby: A Biography (Baseball's Greatest) Hitters. Greenwood Press, 2004. ISBN 978-0313328701
- Hornsby, Rogers. My War with Baseball. Coward-McCann. 1962. ASIN B0007DNJAI
- Hornsby at Baseball Hall of Fame - www.baseballhalloffame.org Retrieved April 14, 2007.
- Rogers Hornsby Retrieved April 14, 2007.
- Hornsby on the St. Louis Walk of Fame Retrieved April 14, 2007.
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