Carl Heinrich Graun (May 7, 1704 - August 8, 1759) was a German composer and tenor singer. Along with Johann Adolf Hasse, he is considered to be the most important German composer of Italian operas of his time and earned a prominent place in the Baroque School of Opera. Along with operas, Graun also composed passions, cantatas, concertos, trio sonatas, and organ music to bring out his interest in sacred music. Graun felt that ethical behavior should be exhibited in the service of love, and he composed his sacred music so that those who heard his compositions would know of the power of love.
Graun was born in Wahrenbrück, in Brandenburg. He sang in the chorus of the Dresden opera before moving to Braunschweig (city), singing there and writing six operas for the company. He was kapellmeister to Frederick II of Prussia (Frederick the Great) from his ascension to the throne in 1740 until Graun's death nineteen years later in Berlin.
Graun wrote a number of operas. His opera Cleopatra e Cesare inaugurated the opening of the Berlin opera house in 1742. Others, such as Montezuma (1755), with a libretto by King Frederick. None of his pieces are often performed today, though his passion Der Tod Jesu (The Death of Jesus, 1755) was frequently given in Germany for many years after his death. His other works include concertos and trio sonatas.
Carl Heinrich Graun was the brother of Johann Gottlieb Graun, also a composer.
John W. Grubbs has written an exhaustive biography and thematic catalog, The sacred Choral Music of the Graun Brothers.
All links retrieved January 11, 2017.
New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:
Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed.