The Divine Principle regards the emergence of the modern nation state as providential because under previous imperial systems, people were not free, and freedom is recognized as the most fundamental human right. Only "free actions generated by free will bring about good results". With the progress of history, people have been ever more zealously aspiring for freedom". The Treaty of Trianon was part of the post-World War I dismantling of the Empires that had lost the war. Effectively, the day of empires was over and the era of the nation state began, which regardless of size, are regarded in international law as equal "in the brotherhood of nations". People aspire to freedom because human beings were originally meant to be free. The Western powers' main priority was to prevent a resurgence of Germany and they therefore decided that her allies in the region, Austria and Hungary, should be "contained" by a ring of states friendly to the Allies, each of which would be bigger than either Austria or Hungary. However, the affected populations were hardly consulted and the new borders were imposed by the victors of World War I to suit their purposes. Although the victors were democracies, they were not yet fully mature. In fact, none of the measures taken to prevent a German resurgence were effective, and World War II resulted. Germans were so embittered by defeat, and resentful of the punitive sanctions against them, that what emerged under Adolf Hitler was a type of nationalism that elevated state and race above humane values, and gave Hitler almost absolute power. The Treaty of Trianon only added to the German sense of being besieged and belittled, and to the nation's determination to strike back.