The fruit of the pear tree provides for the reproduction of the plant—an individual purpose. However, the fruit also provides value to the whole, reflecting the principle of dual purposes. For the ecosystem, the fruit provides food and a habitat for animals, such as for larvae of Lepidoptera species. For humans, pears provide food and decoration. As food, pears are eaten directly or are prepared as canned fruit, juice, and dried fruit, as well as in jellies and jams. The beautiful flowers of pears make them a desired decorative plant, as do their leaves, including some that have silvery leaves. The wood of pear trees is used in manufacturing woodwind instruments and furniture.
In addition, the presence of many cultivars and the variety of ways of preparing the pear fruit shows the best of human creativity.