The Divine Principle recognizes the providential purpose of four great civilizations, one of which is the Islamic. For a long period of history, the Mamluks as rulers of Egypt enabled the survival of the Abbasid caliphs, as a symbol of Muslim unity.
The Mamluks themselves rose from slave
-soldiers to become sultans. Their contribution to providential history can be identified as enabling the survival of a trans-national system of faith
and practice, the religion of Islam. This gave millions of people a set of shared values and a religious worldview.