Maltose contains two glucose molecules. However, it is not the only disaccharide that can be made from two glucoses. When glucose molecules form a glycosidic bond, the linkage will be one of two types, α or β, depending on whether the molecule that bonds its carbon 1 is an α-glucose or β-glucose. An α-linkage with carbon 4 of a second glucose molecule results in maltose, whereas a β-linkage results in cellobiose. Maltose can be produced from starch by hydrolysis and in turn can be broken down into two glucose molecules by hydrolysis. In living organisms, the enzyme maltase can achieve this very rapidly. However, cellobiose cannot be hydrolyzed to its monosaccharides in the human body as can maltose. This reveals the complex coordination in nature. One particular arrangement makes a usable compound for humans, the other does not.
Maltose involves the interaction of various carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Unification thought calls such interactions "giving and receiving" actions. All entities in the universe have interactions with other entities. By harmonizing together, they form a collective whole. All is built on harmonious interactions, from the lowest level to the most complex.
Scientific studies of maltose and the various pathways from starch to maltose to glucose are manifestations of our intelligence and creativity—attributes linked to people's spiritual dimension and reflective of God's intelligence and creativity. Furthermore, they are part of the human effort to understand nature and harmonize with God's creation, which is reflective of the human position as stewards of creation. The Unification principle refers to these types of efforts as contributing toward the fulfillment of God's "Third Great Blessing" to humanity (from Genesis 1:28).
By serving human needs, maltose contributes to a larger purpose, which may be called the "purpose of the whole." They can be used to help enhance our quality of life on Earth.