Liaoning shares a border with North Korea, having played an enormous role in the history of Korea. The first two kingdoms, the mythical kingdom of Dangun (2333 B.C.E.), Sinsi, and the legendary kingdom of Gija (1222 B.C.E.), Gija Joseon, as well as the historical kingdoms of Gojoseon, and Goguryeo all located in Liaoning and Mongolia. Not until the defeat of Goguryeo by the Khitans in 920 C.E. did Korea lose that territory. UNESCO designated Wunu Mountain City, a Goguryeo site in Huanren County, Liaoning Province, China, a World Heritage Site combined with four sites in Ji'an City, Jilin Province, China, Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom.
Nomadic tribes roamed the region from 3000 B.C.E., often preparing to campaign against the ruling dynasties in China or Korea. The Liaoning region had far less significance in Chinese history, far removed the centers of power in China, until the seventeenth century. Mukden Palace constitutes another UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Liaoning. The Qing Dynasty used Liaoning as their staging area to conquer China, after which they moved their capital to Beijing, the current capital of the People's Republic of China. The Qing built their capital, the Forbidden City, after conquering China. UNESCO has included the Mukden Palace as an extension of the Qing Imperial Palace in Beijing.
As further evidence of Liaoning's growing importance for Chinese history in the seventeenth century, three imperial tombs from the Qing Dynasty in Liaoning have been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. They are grouped with other tombs including the Ming Dynasty Tombs in Beijing, and the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum in Nanjing.
Buddhism has made an impact in Liaoning as evidenced by the Anshan Jade Buddha, the largest jade Buddha statue in the world. The statue had been sculpted from a piece of jade 7.95 meters high, 6.88 meters wide, 4.10 meters thick, weighing 260.76 tons. Another evidence of the powerful impact of Buddhism in Liaoning, the White Pagoda located in Baita Park, built during the Jin Dynasty between 1161 and 1189 C.E., stands 71 meters tall.Liaoyang White Pagoda, www.ChinaPlanner.com, 2003. Retrieved April 4, 2008.</ref>