Jama Masjid in Delhi, commissioned by Shah Jahan, had been constructed between 1650 to 1656 C.E. Old Delhi sat in the northern region of India, approximately 100 kilometers (62 mi) from the foot hills of the Himalayas in the northeast as the goose flies. The border of Pakistan lies approximated 200 kilometers (120 mi) to the northwest. Old Delhi laid central to the region ruled by Shah Jahan during the seventeenth century C.E.
Shah Jahan commissioned the most striking and beautiful of the Mughal mosques, shrine, palaces, and tombs constructed in India. He possessed a determination to create buildings that made the devotee feel they had entered heaven. The buildings left the viewer with the sense of: "Ah! This must be what heaven is like!" So for Shan Jahan, he performed a religious mission when he planned and constructed a mosque, palace, tomb, or shrine. He believe that a structure built faithfully as a mirror of heaven would instill in the non-Muslim a genuine sense of reverence and a belief in the greatest of Allah.
Although the Mughal Empire lasted a relatively short time in India, as elsewhere, enduring approximately 300 years from 1526 C.E. to 1857 C.E., one might not over estimate to say that the magnificence and beauty of their architecture made an eternal impression. Surely, the architecture gives the visitor a profound sense of eternity. Shah Jahan spared no expense when building tombs, shrines, palaces, and mosques. That stood in line with his belief in the sacred mission to build unparalleled structures as a testimony to the greatest of Allah and Mohammed his prophet. The Jama Masjid in Old Delhi did exactly that. The court yard of the mosque could accommodate 25,000 faithful. Although that is less than the 200,000 people who can gather in the Vatican square, it is a tremendous gathering for a religious service.