Hornworts are important components of their ecosystems and provide benefits for humans. Ecologically, they fill a unique niche, helping to pioneer areas, stabilizing soil, and playing in a role in nutrient recycling. They offer potential medicinal value to people, and serve as indicators of pollution. Furthermore, they offer aesthetic value, being intricate and beautiful, and their unique life cycle adds to the wonder of nature for people. These values reflect the principle that taxa not only serve their own individual need for survival and reproduction, but also a larger value for the ecosystem and for humans.