Human beings typically are viewed as a higher order creation and microcosm of the universe, with the ability to utilize other species for human prosperity, but also a responsibility to care for the creation. In religious terms, this is sometimes referred to as the "third blessing," the role of humankind to love and care for the creation. As stated by Rev. Sun Myung Moon (June 13, 2006, Cheongpyeong, Republic of Korea), "God created all the earth's creatures as our natural environment; they are absolutely needed for human prosperity. Human beings and nature are meant to share a realm of mutual resonance, with humans as the subject partners of love and nature as the object partner thriving under human management and beautified by human creativity. We can no longer tolerate actions that destroy nature and pollute the environment... To love nature is to love God and humanity. When human life resonates with nature, human character can blossom in perfection."
Fisheries reflect on this third blessing. Human beings have the capacity to harvest organisms for food and other purposes. However, human creativity has resulted in such efficient technologies that human beings can also exploit nature to such a capacity that the stocks of aquatic organisms can be reduced to levels where the population cannot be sustained. The history of human interactions with nature have often been ones of exploitation for short-term gain, or with little regard for the impact on the animals exploited. Human beings have the responsibility to regulate their harvesting of aquatic organisms to sustainable levels, where the prosperity of future generations can be assured, including the aesthetic and non-commercial values.