Talk:Denis Fonvizin

From New World Encyclopedia
Unification Aspects: Denis Fonvizin is the only playwright of the Russian Enlightenment whose plays are still staged today. His main works are two satirical comedies which mock contemporary Russian gentry. Fonvizin was an important figure in the Russian Enlightenment, which came later than in Western Europe and was largely derivative. The Russian Age of Enlightenment was a period in the seventeenth century in which the government began to actively encourage the proliferation of arts and sciences. This time gave birth to the first Russian university, library, theater, public museum, and relatively independent press. Like other enlightened despots, Catherine the Great played a key role in fostering the arts, sciences, and education. The Russian Enlightenment promoted further Europeanization of all aspects of Russian life and was concerned with attacking the institution of serfdom in Russia. The Pugachev Rebellion and French Revolution may have shattered the illusions of rapid political change, but the intellectual climate in Russia was altered irrevocably. Russia's place in the world was the topic of not only the plays of Fonvizin, but the ideas of Mikhail Shcherbatov, Andrey Bolotov, Ivan Boltin, and Alexander Radishchev as well. The Enlightenment would create a rift between Westernizers, who embraced Western ways, and the Slavophiles who loved everything Russian. This rift would only be resolved by the Russian Revolution of 1917, through the introduction of communism, the consequences of which would make the split a moot point. Russia, perhaps more than any other European nation, struggled to resolve the rift between Enlightenment rationalism and traditional society, rooted in feudalism and Christianity.
Unification Aspects is designed to relate the subject of this article to Unification Thought and to aid
teachers and researchers who wish to further pursue these topics from a unification perspective.