Even more than the Books of Kings, the Books of Chronicles express what the Divine Principle calls the "ideal of the Temple." Together with the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah, Chronicles served as a guide to the Jews during the post-exilic period of preparation for the Messiah. During this time the people formerly known as the Israelites adopted an extremely serious attitude toward the preservation of the tradition upheld by the Temple of Jerusalem. According to the Principle, it was this attitude that enabled them to successfully establish the national level foundation for the Messiah, allowing him finally to be born in the person of Jesus of Nazareth.
(The people of the southern Kingdom of Judah) were taken into exile by the Babylonian king, Nebuchadnezzar. After they spent nearly seventy years as captives, Babylon fell to King Cyrus of Persia, who issued a royal decree liberating them. From that time, the Jewish people began a gradual return to Jerusalem and rebuilt the Temple. Ezra the scribe led the last group of returning Jews to Jerusalem and Nehemiah rebuilt the city wall. Inspired by the prophecy of Malachi, (Mal. 4:5) the people began preparations to receive the Messiah... From that time until the birth of Jesus was a period of four hundred years, the period of preparation for the advent of the Messiah.
While Chronicles may not be as forthright as the Books of Kings in dealing with the shortcomings of certain kings of Judah such as David and Solomon, it is nevertheless a valuable source of both inspiration and information. It fills in some gaps left by the authors of Kings and provides otherwise unknown details about the Temple priesthood, the Levites and musicians. Also, by comparing the traditions of Chronicles and Kings, we can develop a more three-dimensional view of the period, like a person seeing a vista with both eyes instead of one. In some cases—such as the case of King Hezekiah, who is described prominently not only in Kings, Chronicles and Isaiah, but also in a document left by Judah's enemy, Sennacharib of Assyria—we have an historical viewpoint to bring matters into an even clearer focus.
While modern readers can easily fail to appreciate Chronicles because of its seemingly endless lists of genealogies and its similarity to the Books of Kings, a careful study of its material is well worth the effort.
- ↑ , Sun Myung Moon. Retrieved April 9, 2008.