Azerbaijan has numerous sites containing remnants of a Stone Age culture in Eurasia dating back two million years. Evidence of pre-human and human habitation for such lengthy periods always raises tantalizing questions regarding the theories of creation. The Unification view on the creation of the universe, is that since much of the Bible is written in symbolic language, the six-day creation process described in the Bible (Genesis 1.3–27) "took some period of time represented by six days" (Exposition of the Divine Principle, 40).
Although Azerbaijan is not one of the 15 Cradle of Humanity nations, the territory has been invaded numerous time and therefore heavily influenced by civilizations in countries that are part of the Cradle of Humanity. The Persian Achaemenids brought Zoroastrian monotheism, which had major influence on the religions of the Middle Eastern monotheisms in adaptations of such concepts as heaven, hell, judgment day, and messianic figures. Later, Azerbaijan became part of Persia, and the Persian Safavid Dynasty brought peace and prosperity.
The Unificationist measure of effective governance is human flourishing in terms of economic, social, and moral development. While Azerbaijan has a high literacy rate, with a per capital GDP of $4,601 in 2005, its oil wealth has not benefited most citizens. Azerbaijan shares the problems of the former Soviet republics in making the transition from a command to a market economy. The continuing conflict with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region is an obstacle to prosperity. Endemic corruption indicates the moral–ethical challenge facing whoever holds political power. Successive administrations since the collapse of the Soviet Union have faced allegations of corruption and election rigging.
Ecological clean-up is a major necessity in Azerbaijan. Air and water pollution are widespread and pose challenges to economic development. Sources of pollution include oil refineries and chemical and metallurgical industries, which in the early 1990s continued to operate as inefficiently as they had in the Soviet era. Air quality was extremely poor in Baku, the center of oil refining. Some reports described Baku's air as the most polluted in the former Soviet Union.
The meaning of God’s third blessing, according to The Exposition of the Divine Principle, "is the perfection of a human being’s dominion over the natural world" (35). Had a God-centered family, society, nation, and world been established, human society would have developed in harmony with the natural world. Harmony with the natural environment would be achieved through knowledge of the laws and structure of the physical world plus humankind exercising responsibility to live according to those laws (Exposition of the Divine Principle, 43–44). In such a world, no industry would harm the natural environment, either through toxic emissions or over-exploitation. Since the original ideal was not realized at the outset of human history, the goal of the Providence of Restoration, according to the Divine Principle, is restoration of the three blessings, which includes restoration of the harmony between humankind and the natural world.