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Featured Article: Thelonious Monk

Thelonious Monk at Minton's Playhouse, New York, 1947
Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was a jazz pianist and composer. He is known for his unique improvisational style and many contributions to the standard jazz repertoire, including his classic works "'Round Midnight" and "Blue Monk." Monk is often regarded as a founder of bebop, although his playing style evolved away from the form.

His compositions and improvisations often highlight rhythmic and spatial relationships rather than melody.

Raised in the Black Church tradition, Monk suffered greatly for his art—as have many artists in the African-American experience. He persevered to become a great and original force in the jazz world.

Popular Article: Go

The Go board and pieces. A traditional Go board is wooden, with black painted lines. The stones are lenticular and fit closely together when placed on adjacent intersections.
Go or Igo in Japanese (囲碁), Weiqi in Chinese (圍棋, 围棋), and Baduk in Korean (바둑), is a strategic board game. It was played in ancient China before 200 B.C.E.. The game is now popular throughout the world, especially in East Asia.

Go is played by alternately placing black and white stones on the vacant intersections of a 19×19 rectilinear grid. A stone is captured and removed if it is tightly surrounded by stones of the opposing color. The objective is to control a larger territory than the opponent by placing one's stones so they cannot be captured, but can capture any opposing stones played in one's territory. The game ends and the score is counted when both players consecutively pass on a turn, indicating that neither side can increase its territory or reduce its opponent's; the game can also end by resignation. The size of the board and the number of pieces give rise to 2.1×10170 possible positions, and it is said that the same game has never been played twice. Players must be aware of action in several areas of the board simultaneously, and the play evolves through numerous stages as players make their moves.

Originally played in China, Korea and Japan, the game began to gain popularity in the West during the twentieth century. It is especially popular with students because it develops their mathematical and strategic thinking. Through experience the Go player gains a deeper understanding of the game, which requires not only strategy but forward thinking and learning to take control of the game board by moving aggressively while protecting the position already achieved. High-level players learn to interpret the shapes formed by the game pieces on the board and to develop their strategy according to their intuitive sense of the direction in which the game is flowing. Many Go players enjoy the complexity of the game because they feel it resembles the complexity of life.

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