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Calvin's doctrine of predestination teaches that salvation is given only to those whom God has chosen, and that it is a free gift not contingent on anything they have done or will do (read more)

Featured Article: Denisovan

Tourists in front of the Denisova Cave, where Denisovan fossils were found.
Denisovans are an extinct hominid group more closely related to the Neanderthals than modern humans and identified from the nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences of the roughly 40,000- to 50,000-year-old (or older) fossils found in Siberia.

The fossils unearthed from the Denisova Cave in the Altai Mountains of southern Siberia and identified as Denisovan are quite limited in number: a pinkie bone (distal manual phalanx) and two teeth (molars) from three different Denisovan individuals, as of 2013. However, the entire genome has been sequenced and this DNA sequence shows the Denisovans to be a distinct group that shares a common ancestor with Neanderthals. It is believed they were more prevalent in East Asia while Neanderthals dominated Europe and western Asia. However, DNA extracted from a 300,000 to 400,000-year-old femur found in a cave in Spain also surprising yielded Denisovan DNA.

Popular Article: American Revolution

Declaration of Independence
The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the eighteenth century in which the Thirteen Colonies that became the United States of America gained independence from the British Empire. In this period, the colonies rebelled against Britain and entered into the American Revolutionary War, also referred to (especially in Britain) as the American War of Independence, between 1775 and 1783. This culminated in the American Declaration of Independence in 1776, and victory on the battlefield in 1781.

The revolution included a series of broad intellectual and social shifts that occurred in early American society, such as the new republican ideals that took hold in the American population. In some states sharp political debates broke out over the role of democracy in government. The American shift to republicanism, as well as the gradually expanding democracy, caused an upheaval of the traditional social hierarchy, and created the ethic that formed the core of American political values.